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The Fragmentation of Authority

  • Robin W. Lovin
Chapter
  • 73 Downloads
Part of the New Approaches to Religion and Power book series (NARP)

Abstract

The narrative about authority in modern social thought centers on the emergence of secular authority. The story takes various forms. In some versions a new, scientific, and materialist way of thinking replaces divinely sanctioned monarchy with a rational democracy. In others, religious authority remains powerful, but it is privatized and excluded from the discourse of government and politics, which is now rigorously neutral with respect to competing ideas about what is ultimately good. Still other accounts locate the origin of secular authority in religion itself, so that the “iron cage” of modern economic rationality is an unintended consequence of the disciplines that religion once successfully imposed on moral life. Or, as others argue, the collective identity created through religious rituals may simply have been given new form in a national identity sustained by a “civil religion.” These theories are by no means identical, but they share the idea that the transition from religious to secular authority marks the beginning of a new kind of autonomous, rational control over the conditions of social life.

Keywords

Moral Life Religious Authority Human Good Late Antiquity Civil Religion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Robert Bellah, Religion in Human Evolution: From the Paleolithic to the Axial Age (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011) 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 4.
    Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, ed. Roger Crisp (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000), 10–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 7.
    Augustine, The City of God against the Pagans, ed. R. W. Dyson (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998), 632.Google Scholar
  4. 12.
    Martin Luther, “On Secular Authority”, in Harro Höpfl, ed. Luther and Calvin on Secular Authority (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991), 8–10.Google Scholar
  5. 13.
    Calvin: Institutes of the Christian Religion, ed. John T. McNeill (Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 1960), 1518.Google Scholar
  6. 15.
    See, for example, John Howard Yoder, The Politics of Jesus: Vicit Agnus Noster (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1994), 228–246.Google Scholar
  7. 16.
    Alasdair Maclntyre, Whose Justice? Which Rationality? (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1988), 30–46.Google Scholar
  8. 17.
    I have explored these competing authorities at greater length in Robin Lovin, Christian Realism and the New Realities (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008), 181–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Joshua Daniel and Rick Elgendy 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robin W. Lovin

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