In the Steps of Saint Paul

  • Michael Ledger-Lomas
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Nineteenth-Century Writing and Culture book series (PNWC)


Early in the 1930s, the travel writer H. V. Morton found himself being questioned by Turkish police as he waited to change trains in the small town of Adana:

‘They want to know what you are doing here,’ [my interpreter] said. ‘I have come to see Tarsus.’ ‘They want to know why.’ ‘Because I am writing a book about St Paul.’ I could see that this shattered the morale of the police force.1


Nineteenth Century Literary History Early Nineteenth Century Sunday School Imperial Competition 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    H.V. Morton, In the Steps of St Paul (London: Rich and Cowan, 1936), p. 49.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Michael Ledger-Lomas and David Gange, ‘Introduction’, Cities of God: Archaeology and the Bible in Nineteenth-century Britain (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013), pp. 1–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 4.
    William John Conybeare and John Saul Howson, The Life and Epistles of St Paul (London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1852), I, pp. iii, v. The words are Conybeare’s but aptly describe the aim of Howson’s chapters.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    John Ross Macduff], The Footsteps of St Paul (London: J. Nisbet, 1855), p. vii.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    James Buzard, The Beaten Track: European Tourism, Literature, and the Ways to Culture, 1800–1918 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Timothy Larsen, ‘Thomas Cook, Holy Land Pilgrims and the Dawn of the Modern Tourist Industry’, Holy Land, Holy Lands and Christian History, ed. R.N. Swanson (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2000), pp. 459–73.Google Scholar
  7. Pierre Loti, La Galilée (Paris: Petite Bibliothèque, 2008), pp. 134–5 for disgust at the leavings of ‘ces bandes Cook’: ‘boîtes de conserves, épluchures, inqualifiables lambeaux du Times’.Google Scholar
  8. 7.
    Edwin Aiken, Scriptural Geography: Portraying the Holy Land (London: I.B.Tauris, 2000)Google Scholar
  9. Michael Ledger-Lomas, ‘Conder and Son: Dissent and the Oriental Bible in Nineteenth-century Britain’, Dissent and the Bible in Britain, c. 1650–1950, ed. Scott Mandelbrote and Michael Ledger-Lomas (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013).Google Scholar
  10. See e.g. Eitan Bar-Yosef, The Holy Land in English Culture, 1799–1917: Palestine and the Question of Orientalism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005); Simon Goldhill, ‘Jerusalem,’ Cities of God, ed. Gange and Ledger-Lomas, pp. 71–110.Google Scholar
  11. 9.
    Norman Macleod, Eastward (London: Alexander Strahan, 1866), p. 174.Google Scholar
  12. 10.
    See Bar-Yosef, Holy Land, chs 1–3; Kathleen Howe, ed., Revealing the Holy Land: The Photographic Exploration of Palestine (Berkeley, CA: Santa Barbara Museum of Art, 1997)Google Scholar
  13. Claire Lyons, ‘The Art and Science of Antiquity in Nineteenth-century Photography’, Antiquity and Photography: Early Views of Ancient Mediterranean Sites, ed. Claire L. Lyons, John K Papadopoulos, Lindsey S. Stewart and Andrew Szegedy-Maszak (London: Thames and Hudson, 2005), pp. 22–65Google Scholar
  14. Yeshayahu Nir, The Bible and the Image: The History of Photography in the Holy Land, 1839–1899 (Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1985).Google Scholar
  15. 11.
    Alexander William Kinglake, Eothen: or Traces of Travel Brought Home from the East (London: John Ollivier, 1844), pp. 219, 236.Google Scholar
  16. 12.
    William McClure Thomson, The Land and the Book (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1874 [1859]; two vols), I, pp. vi–vii.Google Scholar
  17. 13.
    Richard Williams Morgan, St. Paul in Britain; Or, The Origin of British as Opposed to Papal Christianity (London: J.H. and Jas. Parker, 1861).Google Scholar
  18. 14.
    James Martineau], ‘St Paul’, National Review, 2 (1855), 438–77 (440).Google Scholar
  19. 15.
    John Pemble, The Mediterranean Passion: Victorians and Edwardians in the South (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987) is seminal but largely confines consideration of biblical interests to Jerusalem and the Levant.Google Scholar
  20. 16.
    Richard Newton, In Bible Lands (London: Nelson, 1880), pp. 317–18.Google Scholar
  21. 17.
    See Frederick Bohrer, Orientalism and Visual Culture: Imagining Mesopotamia in Nineteenth-Century Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003)Google Scholar
  22. David Gange, Dialogues with the Dead: Egyptology in British Culture and Religion, 1822–1922 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013); Tim Larsen, ‘Nineveh’, Cities of God, pp. 111–35; Michael Seymour, ‘Babylon’, Cities of God, 164–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 19.
    Josiah Conder, The Literary History of the New Testament (London: Seeleys, 1850), p. 1.Google Scholar
  24. 20.
    Josiah Conder, The Modern Traveller: A Description, Geographical, Historical, and Topographical, of the Various Countries of the Globe: Vol. 1: Palestine, or, The Holy Land (London: James Duncan, 1830 [1824]), p. 174.Google Scholar
  25. 21.
    William Henry Bartlett, Footsteps of Our Lord and His Apostles in Syria, Greece and Italy: A Succession of Visits to the Scenes of New Testament Narrative (London: Arthur Hall, Virtue and Company, 1852), pp. 163, 169.Google Scholar
  26. 23.
    William Rae Wilson, Travels through Egypt and the Holy Land: with a journey through Turkey, Greece, the Ionian Isles, Sicily, Spain, etc (London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green, 1824), pp. 291–5.Google Scholar
  27. 25.
    William Ramsay, The Bearing of Recent Discovery on the Trustworthiness of the New Testament (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1915), ch. 2.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Edward Daniel Clarke, Travels in Various Countries of Europe, Asia and Africa: Part the Second: Section the Third: Volume the Seventh (London: T. Cadell and W. Davies, 1816), pp. 369–70.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    John British Hartley, Researches in Greece and the Levant (London: R.B. Seeley and W. Burnside, 1833), p. 244.Google Scholar
  30. 31.
    Roland Allen, Missionary Methods: Saint Paul’s or Ours (London: Robert Scott, 1912).Google Scholar
  31. 34.
    Charles Greenstreet Addison, Damascus and Palmyra (London, 1838), I, pp. v–vii; II, pp. 82–3, 93–5.Google Scholar
  32. 38.
    Edward Daniel Clarke, Travels in Various Countries of Europe, Asia and Africa: Part the Second: Greece, Egypt and the Holy Land: Section the Second: Volume the Sixth (London: T.C. and W. Davies, 1817), pp. 263–4.Google Scholar
  33. 46.
    William John Hamilton, Researches in Asia Minor, Pontus, and Armenia; with Some Account of their Antiquities and Geology (London: John Murray, 1842; 2 vols), II, p. 25.Google Scholar
  34. 47.
    Charles Fellows, Travels and Researches in Asia Minor, More Particularly in the Province of Lycia (London: John Murray, 1852), p. 205Google Scholar
  35. 48.
    Thomas Cook, ‘Travelling Experiences’, Leisure Hour, 29 June 1878, p. 414; ‘Two Months in Palestine,’ Leisure Hour, 31 July 1869, p. 492.Google Scholar
  36. 49.
    George Aaron Barton, A Year’s Wanderings in Bible Lands (Philadelphia: Ferris & Leach, 1904), pp. 67–78.Google Scholar
  37. 50.
    Francis E. Clark, In the Footsteps of St Paul: His Life and Labors in the Light of a Personal Journey to the Cities Visited by the Apostle (London: G. Putnam’s Sons, 1917), p. 254.Google Scholar
  38. 52.
    William Sharp, ‘The Eternal City,’ Good Words, 40 (1899), 267–70 (268–9).Google Scholar
  39. 54.
    Elizabeth Rundle Charles, Wanderings over Bible Lands and Seas (London: T. Nelson, 1866), p. 12.Google Scholar
  40. 57.
    Thomas Kidd, American Christians and Islam: Evangelical Culture and Muslims from the Colonial Period to the Age of Terrorism (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009), ch. 3Google Scholar
  41. Andrew Porter, Religion Versus Empire? British Protestant Missionaries and Overseas Expansion, 1700–1914 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2004), ch. 8.Google Scholar
  42. 58.
    See Jacob Norris, Land of Progress: Palestine in the Age of Colonial Development, 1905–1948 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013) on how biblical perceptions of Palestine gradually gave way to a preoccupation with economic and social ‘development’ in the early twentieth century.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 59.
    Eleanor H. Tejirian and Reeva Spector Simon, Conflict and Conversion: Two Thousand Years of Christian Missions in the Middle East (New York: Columbia University Press, 2012), p. 148Google Scholar
  44. Canadian Committee, St Paul’s Institute Tarsus, Asia Minor (n.p., 1887).Google Scholar

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© Michael Ledger-Lomas 2016

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  • Michael Ledger-Lomas

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