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The Public Sphere and Politics of Identity in Khuzestan

  • Yadullah Shahibzadeh

Abstract

The emergence and decline of the Arab politics of identity in Khuzestan were a consequence of two trends. The first trend was the rise of the reform movement represented by Khatami’s government, which expanded the Iranian public sphere (1997–2001). The subsequent weakness of the movement and the shrinking tendency of the public sphere from 2001 to 2005 and beyond expressed the second trend. The reform movement and the Arab politics of identity empowered as much as they debilitated each other during Khatami’s government. They started from a common ground, from a shared world of democratic concerns, but ended up with division and defeat. Dissensus when raised against the state and those who govern in a good police order could be a sign of healthy democratic politics and an expression of the expansion of the public sphere. However, in the Iranian police order, in which only conservative forces had access to the means of violence and dominated the repressive state apparatus, disagreements between democratic forces resulted in the shrinking of the public sphere. The internal disagreements between democratic forces deprived different social groups from using their power of speech and public argument to defend their democratic rights and demands.

Keywords

Public Sphere Police Order Local Election Reform Movement Arab Woman 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

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