14 February 1973
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*WE HAVE SEEN THE establishment of a process of control [in England] made necessary by both the movement of individuals and the new system of location of wealth. We have seen that, as the nineteenth century approaches, the promoters of this control are no longer those religious groups of basically petit-bourgeois composition, but people connected to power: merchants, aristocrats. The target likewise changes: it is no longer marginal or irregular individuals so much as the class of workers, so that at the end of the eighteenth century we have a set-up which means that one social class exercises overall control over the other.†
KeywordsEighteenth Century Public Order State Apparatus Penal System General Surveillance
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- 15.See F.-A.-F. de La Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, Troisième rapport du Comité de Mendicité. Bases constitutionelles du Système général de la Législation et de l’administration de Secours (Paris: Imprimerle nationale, 15 January 1791) p. 28 and p. 34.Google Scholar