Course Context

Part of the Michel Foucault book series (MFL)


AT THE PEAK OF one of his most politically engaged periods regarding matters of punishment and penal law in France, and following the 1971–1972 lectures devoted to the repressive dimension of penality, Foucault turns his attention in January 1973 to a broader object. Beyond repression, he devotes himself not only to the productive dimension of penality, but to the more general question of the emergence of what he will call a “disciplinary” power throughout society in the nineteenth century—at the birth of contemporary society, which Foucault would describe as a society of disciplinary power, that is to say a society equipped with apparatuses whose form is sequestration, whose purpose is the formation of a labor force (force de travail), and whose instrument is the acquisition of disciplines or habits.1


Nineteenth Century English Translation Eighteenth Century State Apparatus Class Struggle 
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  1. 3.
    M. Meienberg, Tages Anzeiger Magazin, 12, 25 March 1972, p. 15, p. 17, p. 20, and p. 37, trans. J. ChavyGoogle Scholar
  2. 4.
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  6. 9.
    See M. Foucault, Folie et Déraison. Histoire de la folie à l’age classique (Paris: Plon, 1961);Google Scholar
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    English translation by John Mepham, “On Popular Justice: A Discussion with Maoists” in Michel Foucault, Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings 1972–1977, ed., Colin Gordon (Brighton: The Harvester Press, 1980).Google Scholar
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  18. English translation by Robert Hurley, The History of Sexuality. Volume 1: An Introduction (London: Allen Lane, 1979) pp. 88–89.Google Scholar
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    E. Goffman, Asylums: Essays on the Social Situation of Mental Patients and Other Inmates (New York: Doubleday, “Anchor Books,” 1961) p. 4.Google Scholar
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  27. 71.
    G. Deleuze and F. Guattari, Anti-Œdipe. Capitalisme et schizophrénie (Paris: Éditions de Minuit, 1972);Google Scholar
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  29. 74.
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  32. 77.
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  34. republished in David Sugarman, ed., Law in History: Histories of Law and Society (New York: New York University Press, 1996) vol. 1.Google Scholar
  35. 111.
    published in Noam Chomsky and Michel Foucault, The Chomsky-Foucault Debate: On Human Nature (New York: The New Press, 2006).Google Scholar
  36. 115.
    Karl Marx, “Proceedings of the Sixth Rhine Province Assembly, Third Article Debates on the Law on Thefts of Wood” in K. Marx, Collected Works, Volume 1 (New York: International Publishers, 1975).Google Scholar
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  39. 116.
    L. Althusser, “Sur le jeune Marx: questions de théorie” in Pour Marx (Paris: Maspero, 1968), p. 81;Google Scholar
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  41. 169.
    See M. Foucault, L’Ordre du discours (Paris: Gallimard, 1971) p. 62 and p. 68;Google Scholar
  42. English translation by Ian MacLeod, “The Order of Discourse,” in Robert Young, ed., Untying the Text (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1981) p. 71 and p. 77.Google Scholar
  43. 170.
    English translation by Jeremy Harding, “Structuralism and Post-Structuralism” in James Faubion, ed., Essential Works of Foucault 1954–1984. Volume Two: Aesthetics, Method, and Epistemology (New York: New Press, 1998), p. 445.Google Scholar
  44. see A. Davidson, “On Epistemology and Archeology: From Canguilhem to Foucault” in The Emergence of Sexuality: Historical Epistemology and the Formation of Concepts (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004) pp. 192–206.Google Scholar
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  46. 186.
    Guy Debord, La société du spectacle (Paris: Buchet/Chastel, 1967).Google Scholar
  47. 204.
    M. Foucault, “About the Concept of the ‘Dangerous Individual’ in 19th Century Legal Psychiatry,” Journal of Law and Psychiatry, Vol. 1, 1978, pp. 1–18;Google Scholar
  48. 214.
    See M. Foucault, “Il faut défendre la société,” the lecture of 14 January 1976, pp. 26–27,Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Graham Burchell 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Columbia UniversityUSA

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