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Course Context

Chapter
Part of the Michel Foucault book series (MFL)

Abstract

AT THE PEAK OF one of his most politically engaged periods regarding matters of punishment and penal law in France, and following the 1971–1972 lectures devoted to the repressive dimension of penality, Foucault turns his attention in January 1973 to a broader object. Beyond repression, he devotes himself not only to the productive dimension of penality, but to the more general question of the emergence of what he will call a “disciplinary” power throughout society in the nineteenth century—at the birth of contemporary society, which Foucault would describe as a society of disciplinary power, that is to say a society equipped with apparatuses whose form is sequestration, whose purpose is the formation of a labor force (force de travail), and whose instrument is the acquisition of disciplines or habits.1

Keywords

Nineteenth Century English Translation Eighteenth Century State Apparatus Class Struggle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 3.
    M. Meienberg, Tages Anzeiger Magazin, 12, 25 March 1972, p. 15, p. 17, p. 20, and p. 37, trans. J. ChavyGoogle Scholar
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    F. Brion and B. E. Harcourt, “Situation du cours” in M. Foucault, Mal faire, dire vrai. Fonction de l’aveu en justice (Louvain: Presses universitaires de Louvain, 2012) pp. 267–276;Google Scholar
  3. English translation by Stephen W. Sawyer, “The Louvain Lectures in Context,” in Wrong-Doing, Truth-Telling. The Function of Avowal in Justice (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2014), pp. 274–283.Google Scholar
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    See M. Foucault, Leçons sur la volonté de savoir. Cours au Collège de France 1970–1971, ed., D. Defert (Paris: Gallimard-Seuil, coll. “Hautes Études”, 2011) pp. 4–6;Google Scholar
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  6. 9.
    See M. Foucault, Folie et Déraison. Histoire de la folie à l’age classique (Paris: Plon, 1961);Google Scholar
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  8. 15.
    M. Foucault, Surveiller et Punir. Naissance de la prison (Paris: Gallimard, 1975), p. 134;Google Scholar
  9. English translation by Alan Sheridan, Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison (London: Allen Lane, 1977) p. 131.Google Scholar
  10. 16.
    John K. Simon, “Michel Foucault on Attica: An Interview” (translated and edited from a taped conversation), Social Justice, vol. 18, no. 3, 1991 (reprinted from Telos, no. 19, Spring 1974), p. 26;Google Scholar
  11. 21.
    English translation by John Mepham, “On Popular Justice: A Discussion with Maoists” in Michel Foucault, Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings 1972–1977, ed., Colin Gordon (Brighton: The Harvester Press, 1980).Google Scholar
  12. 29.
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  13. 35.
    English translation by Donald F. Bouchard and Sherry Simon, “Intellectuals and Power” in M. Foucault, Language, Counter-Memory, Practice. Selected Essays and Interviews, ed., Donal F. Bouchard (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1977), pp. 207–208.Google Scholar
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    English translation by Ben Brewster, “Ideology and Ideological Apparatuses” in L. Althusser, Lenin and Philosophy (London: New Left Books, 1971).Google Scholar
  15. 48.
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  16. English translation by Graham Burchell, Psychiatric Power. Lectures at the Collège de France 1973–1974, English series editor Arnold I. Davidson (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006) p. 40, n&.Google Scholar
  17. See Michel Foucault, La Volonté de savoir (Paris: Gallimard, “Tel,” 1976) p. 117;Google Scholar
  18. English translation by Robert Hurley, The History of Sexuality. Volume 1: An Introduction (London: Allen Lane, 1979) pp. 88–89.Google Scholar
  19. 50.
    M. Foucault, “Il faut défendre la société.” Cours au Collège de France, 1975–1976, ed., M. Bertani and A. Fontana (Paris: Gallimard-Seuil, “Hautes Études,” 1997), lecture of 7 January 1976, p. 16, and 21 January, p. 41;Google Scholar
  20. English translation by David Macey, “Society Must Be Defended.” Lectures at the Collège de France 1975–1976, English series editor Arnold I. Davidson (New York: Picador, 2003) p. 15 and p. 48.Google Scholar
  21. 51.
    E. Goffman, Asylums: Essays on the Social Situation of Mental Patients and Other Inmates (New York: Doubleday, “Anchor Books,” 1961) p. 4.Google Scholar
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  23. 59.
    D. Rothman, The Discovery of the Asylum: Social Order and Disorder in the New Republic (Boston, MA: Little Brown, 1971).Google Scholar
  24. 70.
    R. Castel, Le Psychanalysme. L’ordre psychanalytique et le pouvoir (Paris: Maspero, 1973);Google Scholar
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  26. English translation by W. D. Halls as The Regulation of Madness, the Origins of Incarceration in France (Berkeley and Los Angeles: The University of California Press, 1988).Google Scholar
  27. 71.
    G. Deleuze and F. Guattari, Anti-Œdipe. Capitalisme et schizophrénie (Paris: Éditions de Minuit, 1972);Google Scholar
  28. English translation by Robert Hurley, Mark Seem, and Helen R. Lane, Anti-Oedipus. Capitalism and Schizophrenia (New York: The Viking Press, 1977).Google Scholar
  29. 74.
    See B. Porchnev, Les Soulèvements populaires en France de 1623 à 1648 (Paris: SEVPEN, 1963; republished, Paris: Flammarion, 1972).Google Scholar
  30. 75.
    See E. P. Thompson, The Making of the English Working Class (London: Victor Gollancz, 1963) pp. 59–71;Google Scholar
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  32. 77.
    See D. Hay, “Property, Authority and the Criminal Law” in Douglas Hay, Peter Linebaugh, and E. P. Thompson, Albion’s Fatal Tree: Crime and Society in Eighteenth Century England (New York: Doubleday/Pantheon Books, 1975);Google Scholar
  33. J. H. Langbien, “Albion’s Fatal Flaws,” Past and Present, no. 98 (1), 1983, pp. 96–120,Google Scholar
  34. republished in David Sugarman, ed., Law in History: Histories of Law and Society (New York: New York University Press, 1996) vol. 1.Google Scholar
  35. 111.
    published in Noam Chomsky and Michel Foucault, The Chomsky-Foucault Debate: On Human Nature (New York: The New Press, 2006).Google Scholar
  36. 115.
    Karl Marx, “Proceedings of the Sixth Rhine Province Assembly, Third Article Debates on the Law on Thefts of Wood” in K. Marx, Collected Works, Volume 1 (New York: International Publishers, 1975).Google Scholar
  37. as well as P. Lascoumes and H. Zander, Marx: du “vol de bois” à la critique du droit. Karl Marx à la “Gazette rhénane”, naissance d’une méthode (Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 1984);Google Scholar
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  39. 116.
    L. Althusser, “Sur le jeune Marx: questions de théorie” in Pour Marx (Paris: Maspero, 1968), p. 81;Google Scholar
  40. English translation by Ben Brewster, “On the Young Marx” in For Marx (London: Allen Lane, 1969) p. 83.Google Scholar
  41. 169.
    See M. Foucault, L’Ordre du discours (Paris: Gallimard, 1971) p. 62 and p. 68;Google Scholar
  42. English translation by Ian MacLeod, “The Order of Discourse,” in Robert Young, ed., Untying the Text (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1981) p. 71 and p. 77.Google Scholar
  43. 170.
    English translation by Jeremy Harding, “Structuralism and Post-Structuralism” in James Faubion, ed., Essential Works of Foucault 1954–1984. Volume Two: Aesthetics, Method, and Epistemology (New York: New Press, 1998), p. 445.Google Scholar
  44. see A. Davidson, “On Epistemology and Archeology: From Canguilhem to Foucault” in The Emergence of Sexuality: Historical Epistemology and the Formation of Concepts (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004) pp. 192–206.Google Scholar
  45. 175.
    See B. E. Harcourt, The Illusion of Free Markets: Punishment and the Myth of Natural Order (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011).Google Scholar
  46. 186.
    Guy Debord, La société du spectacle (Paris: Buchet/Chastel, 1967).Google Scholar
  47. 204.
    M. Foucault, “About the Concept of the ‘Dangerous Individual’ in 19th Century Legal Psychiatry,” Journal of Law and Psychiatry, Vol. 1, 1978, pp. 1–18;Google Scholar
  48. 214.
    See M. Foucault, “Il faut défendre la société,” the lecture of 14 January 1976, pp. 26–27,Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Graham Burchell 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Columbia UniversityUSA

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