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14 March 1973

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Part of the Michel Foucault book series (MFL)

Abstract

*WHEN I TALKED ABOUT the illegalism of depredation, I talked about accumulated wealth as if it were made up of goods for consumption, of elements of wealth to be put into circulation that could be taken either for one’s own use, or in order to distribute. But this is only an abstraction. This wealth is, above all, an apparatus of production in relation to which the worker’s body—now directly in the presence of this wealth that does not belong to him—is no longer merely the locus of desire, but is now the source of labor-power, which must become productive force. It is precisely at this point of the transformation of physical strength into labor-power and its integration into a system of production, which will make it a productive force, that a new illegalism is formed which, like that of depredation, concerns the relationship between the worker’s body and the body of wealth, but the point of application of which is no longer the body of wealth as object of possible appropriation, but the worker’s body as force of production.

Keywords

Nineteenth Century Productive Force Collective Refusal Disciplinary Power Record Book 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    A. Grün, De la moralisation des classes laborieuses (Paris: Guillaumin, 1851).Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    J.-P. Thouvenin, “De l’influence que l’industrie exerce sur la santé des populations dans les grands centres manufacturiers,” Annales d’hygiène publique et de médecine légale, series 1, no. 36, pp. 16–46, and no. 37, pp. 83–111, especially pp. 84–85 (Paris: Jean-Baptiste Baillière, 1847).Google Scholar
  3. 5.
    Michel Chevalier, De l’industrie manufacturière en France (Paris: Jules Renouard et Cie, 1841), p. 38.Google Scholar
  4. Louis Reybaud dedicates a chapter to Michel Chevalier in his book, Économistes modernes (Paris: Lévy Frères, 1862), pp. 172–243.Google Scholar
  5. 9.
    see L. Kolakowski, Histoire du marxisme, translation Olivier Masson [Paris: Fayard, 1987] 2 volumes;Google Scholar
  6. 11.
    A. de Villeneuve-Bargemont, Économie politique chétienne, ou Recherches sur la nature et les causes du paupérisme, en France et en Europe, et sur les moyens de le soulager et de le prévenir (Paris: Paulin, 1834 [republished Paris: Hachette, 1971]), 3 volumes, vol. 2, p. 64.Google Scholar
  7. 12.
    See A. de Madre, Des ouvriers et des moyens d’améliorer leur condition dans les villes (Paris: Hachette, 1863).Google Scholar
  8. 16.
    This practice is reported by Louis-René Villermé in his, Tableau de l’état physique et moral des ouvriers employés dans les manufactures de coton, de laine et de soie (Paris: Études et documentations internationales, 1989 [original edition: Paris: Jules Renouard et Cie Librairies, 1840]) p. 391.Google Scholar
  9. Paul-Leroy-Beaulieu, in État moral et intellectuel des populations ouvrières (Paris: Guillaumin et Cie, 1868)Google Scholar
  10. see J. Lalouette, “Alcoolisme et classe ouvrière en France aux alentours de 1900,” Cahiers d’histoire, vol. 42 (1), 1997, http://ch.revues.org/index11.html.
  11. 17.
    See Dr. Robinet, A. Robert, and J. Le Chaplain, Dictionnaire historique et biographique de la Révolution et de l’Empire 1789–1815 (Évreux: Charles Hérissey, 1898).Google Scholar
  12. 19.
    See [Jean-Pierre Bachasson (1766–1823), comte de Montalivet,] “Circulaire du Ministre de l’intérieur (Comte de Montalivet) aux Préfets, Paris, Novembre 1809, sur les ‘Livrets des Ouvriers’” in Circulaires, Instructions et autres actes émanés du Ministère de l’intérieure, ou, relatfs à ce département: de 1797 à 1821 inclusivement, 2nd edition (Paris: Ministère de l’Intérieure, 1822) vol. II (1807 to 1815 inclusive) p. 162:Google Scholar
  13. 23.
    English translation, R. Hurley, The History of Sexuality, volume 1: An Introduction, New York: Pantheon, 1978,Google Scholar

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© Graham Burchell 2015

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