Three (Less-Observed) Things about Elections

  • Axel Hadenius


The focus of this chapter is on three widely noted aspects of American elections. The United States has been held to deviate from other democracies through a low level of voter participation, a big incumbency advantage, and a great influx of money. My examination shows that the degree of divergence in the first two areas is generally overstated. In the third area, however—money—it is true that the United States stands out. Yet the electoral consequences of this appear to be exaggerated.


Presidential Election Presidential Candidate Electoral Competition Electoral Participation Campaign Spending 
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© Axel Hadenius 2015

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  • Axel Hadenius

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