Almost 30 years have passed since the “official” birth of international entrepreneurship: along these almost three decades empirical observations and conceptual contributions have developed significantly, making international entrepreneurship one of the most lively and debated fields of research both in international business and in entrepreneurship. A first wave of contributions was mostly exploratory, based on the evidence that the intense evolution in markets and technologies was supporting the early and fast international expansion of a growing number of firms. The identification of typologies of new international firms and the underlying determinants of their growth have occupied the scene for almost a decade. In a second more recent wave, we can observe a growing attention to account for a diversity of new and/or fast international firms, which is wider than before, both from the strategic behaviour and from the geographic/institutional setting point of view. Contemporary conceptualizations and theoretical models have been proposed which try to accommodate in a general interpretative framework the heteromorphic nature of international entrepreneurship. In doing this, the attention of scholars progressively extended from the act of constituting an international new venture or entering into a foreign market, to the processes of international entrepreneurship, in its key dimensions of time and behaviour; from individual traits to organizational features, from initial resources to opportunities and capabilities to explore and exploit them; from transactions to relationships; from individual to organizational learning.
KeywordsInternational Business Organizational Learning Dynamic Capability Entrepreneurial Firm International Entrepreneurship
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