Advertisement

World War II: Race and Politics

Chapter
  • 157 Downloads

Abstract

The progressive era and World War I brought about some improvement in state absentee voting laws. However, most state laws still made it difficult, if not impossible, for a deployed military person to register and cast a ballot. The passage of the 19th Amendment, which enfranchised women in 1920, marked the end of significant change in election laws and ushered in a period of stasis that would last for two decades until the beginning of World War II.2 Resistance to attempts for further changes, especially granting the right to vote to deployed soldiers and sailors, would be marked by partisan and racial rancor.

Keywords

Military Personnel Democratic Party Service Personnel Turnout Rate White Supremacy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. Cited in Ira Katznelson. 2013. Fear Itself: The New Deal and the Origins of Our Time. New York: Liveright Publications, 206.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Alexander Keyssar. 2000. The Right to Vote: The Contested History of Democracy in the United States. New York: Basic Books, 235.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Michael Anderson. 2001. “Politics, Patriotism, and the State: The Fight over the Soldier Vote, 1942–1944,” in Politics and Progress; American Society and the State since 186., ed. Andrew Edmund Kersten and Kriste Lindenmeyer, New York: Praeger Publishers, 86.Google Scholar
  4. 7.
    J. Garry Clifford and Samuel R. Spencer Jr. 1986. The First Peacetime Draft. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press; Defense Manpower Data Center, Historical Data.Google Scholar
  5. 8.
    See Ulysses Lee. 1966. The Employment of Negro Troops [United States Army in World War II]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  6. 9.
    Paula Giddings. 1984. When and Where I Enter: The Impact of Black Women on Race and Sex in America. New York: William Morrow, 235.Google Scholar
  7. 10.
    Cited in Michael Anderson. 2001. “Politics, Patriotism, and the State,” 86.Google Scholar
  8. 12.
    Boyd A. Martin. 1945. “The Service Vote in the Elections of 1944.” American Political Science Revie. 39 (4): 720–732;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Richard Briffault. 2002. “The Contested Right to Vote.” Michigan Law Revie. 100: 1521–1522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 21.
    Michael Anderson. 2001. “Politics, Patriotism, and the State,” 88.Google Scholar
  11. 22.
    Russ W. Carter. 2005. War Ballots: Military Voting by Mail from the Civil War to WWII. Cypress, TX: Military Postal History Society, 69, 75.Google Scholar
  12. 24.
    Carter. 2005. War Ballot., 27;Google Scholar
  13. R. Michael Alvarez, Thad E. Hall, and Brian F. Roberts. 2007. “Military Voting and the Law: Procedural and Technical Solutions to the Ballot Transit Problem.” Fordham Urban Law Journa. 34(3): 935–997; Martin. 1945. “Service.”Google Scholar
  14. 26.
    Charles L. Maschinot. 1943. Shipswake Newsletter. USS Salt Lake Cit. CA 25.Google Scholar
  15. 27.
    George Gallup. 1943. “Soldiers Could Decide ’44 Election, Gallup Poll Finds,” New York Time., December 5.Google Scholar
  16. Also see Martin. 1945. “Service Vote,” 720.Google Scholar
  17. 29.
    Franklin D. Roosevelt. 1944. “Message to Congress on Voting by Members of the Armed Forces,” January 25.Google Scholar
  18. 30.
    Time. 1944. “The Congress: 1944: First Issue.”. February 7.Google Scholar
  19. 32.
    James E. Phillips. 1944. “Letters,” Tim., January 3.Google Scholar
  20. 33.
    Harold Kramer. 1944. “Soldier Voters.” Yank: The Army Weekly. March 17.Google Scholar
  21. 34.
    George Kauffman. 1944. Yank: The Army Weekly. March 17.Google Scholar
  22. 35.
    Frank Bain. 1944. “Soldier Voters.” Yank: The Army Weekly. March 17.Google Scholar
  23. 36.
    Alvin C. Strutz. 1944. “Opinion 44–51.” Letter from Attorney General, North 37.Google Scholar
  24. George Tagge. 1944. “Bar Censorship of War Ballot, State Demands.” Chicago Tribune. September 12, 8. Available at http://archives.chicagotribune.com/1944/09/12/page/8/article/bar-censorship-of-war-ballot-state-demandsGoogle Scholar
  25. 39.
    Amy Heubner de Grazia, ed. 1999. Home Front and War Front in World War II: The Correspondence of Jill Openheim de Grazia and Alfred de Grazia (1942–1945). Princeton, NJ: Metron Publications, 1508.Google Scholar
  26. 40.
    Carter. 2005. War Ballot., 50–51.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Donald S. Inbody 2016

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations