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Pied-Noir Pilgrimages, Commemorative Spaces, and Counter-Memory

  • Michèle Baussant
Chapter

Abstract

The individuals now generally referred to as Pieds-Noirs — a term ‘in search of its roots’1 — represent a host of different groups, some of them with no common ancestry or territory apart from those forged in Algeria.2 These are people of French and foreign immigrant stock; those in the latter category were from different European and Mediterranean countries and it was in Algeria that many of them acquired French nationality, even if they continued to identify both with the places they settled in and those associated with their origins. On leaving Algeria they found themselves lumped together according to their links with the past and labeled Pieds-Noirs — a category not acceptable to all of them.

Keywords

Community Association Oran Region Social Security Agency French Nationality Colonial System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Michèle Assante, ‘Pied-Noir: une expression en quête d’origine’, Cahiers d’anthropologie et de biométrie humaine, 3 (1987): 219–30.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Michèle Baussant, Pieds-Noirs: mémoires d’exils (Paris, 2002);Google Scholar
  3. Fanny Colonna, ‘Algérie 1830–1962: quand l’exil efface jusqu’au nom de l’ancêtre’, Ethnologie Française, 37 (2007): 501–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 3.
    Andrea L. Smith, Colonial Memory and Postcolonial Europe: Maltese Settlers in Algeria and France (Bloomington, 2006);Google Scholar
  5. Vincent Crapanzano, Les Harkis: mémoires sans issue (Paris, 2012), 21.Google Scholar
  6. 4.
    Yann Scioldo-Zürcher, ‘Existe-t-il une vision pied-noir des rapports Franco-Algériens?’, in Frédéric Abécassis, Gilles Boyer, Benoît Falaize, Gilbert Meynier, and Michelle Zancarini-Fournel, eds, La France et l’Algérie: leçons d’histoire (Lyon, 2007), 171–85;Google Scholar
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    Clarisse Buono, Pieds-Noirs de père en fils (Paris, 2004).Google Scholar
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    See, for another case, Christine Chivallon, L’esclavage, du souvenir à la mémoire: contribution à une anthropologie de la Caraïbe (Paris, 2012), 72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Joelle Hureau, La mémoire des Pieds-Noirs de 1830 à nos jours (Paris, 1987);Google Scholar
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    Jean-Jacques Jordi, ‘Les Pieds-Noirs: constructions identitaires et réinvention des origins’, Hommes et migrations, 1236 (2002): 14–25.Google Scholar
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  14. 11.
    Lucienne Martini, Racines de papier: essai sur l’expression littéraire de l’identité pieds-noirs (Aix-en-Provence, 1997).Google Scholar
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    See especially, Valérie Esclangon-Morin, Les rapatriés d’Afrique du Nord de 1956 à nos jours (Paris, 2007).Google Scholar
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    Alain Amato, Monuments en exil (Versailles, 1979).Google Scholar
  17. 40.
    This reflects the predominantly Spanish origins of the European population of the Oran region. This was not the case elsewhere in Algeria. See Jean-Jacques Jordi, Espagnol en Oranie: histoire d’une migration 1830–1914 (Calvisson, 1996).Google Scholar

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© Michèle Baussant 2016

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  • Michèle Baussant

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