The Ambivalence of Cynicism, Irony, and Utopia
In this chapter cynicism, irony, and utopia are proposed as analytical concepts that can supplement existing theoretical frameworks, and I will demonstrate how these alternative perspectives can be fruitfully applied to understand the reorganization of critique regardless of whether one views creative activism suspiciously as a societal symptom or more optimistically as a democratic potential.1
Keywords21st Century Social Change Social Movement Social Entrepreneur Creative Activism
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