The Challenges of American Federalism in a Rapidly Changing Arctic
The Arctic is undergoing ecological and economic change unprecedented in the modern era, stressing political and social institutions largely designed around a low level of industrial activity.1 The Arctic coastal environment, sheltered for decades by a consistently thick sea ice pack, is becoming more accessible to shipping, development, and resource extraction industries.2 In aggregate, these changes confound existing institutions designed to protect the environment, regulate responsible development, and mediate national, federal, state, and indigenous interests in both domains.
KeywordsFederal Government Federal Land Arctic Council Marine Spatial Planning Northern Dynasty
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