Water Resource Dispute Management in Central Asia: Japanese Attempt at Water Resource Efficiency Promotion
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The chapter demonstrates that the present situation concerning the availability of water resources in Central Asia is unbalanced, with some states finding themselves in a less favorable situation than others. To demonstrate this imbalance, several levels of disparities between two groups of regional states—upstream states with excessive supplies of water, and mid-and downstream states with water shortages—are discussed. It is suggested that the major problem blocking the creation of an effective water-management mechanism in the region is the drastic difference in perception among the involved parties regarding how cooperation should be planned. After analyzing the selected arrangements and agreements on water management in the region, attention is drawn to the weaknesses of institutional frameworks that have prevented full-fledged, constructive regional cooperation over water-related issues. Finally, an effort has been made to suggest what can be done both by the donor community, as exemplified by the Japanese engagement in Uzbekistan, and at the individual country level to alleviate the seriousness of the water deficiency problem.
KeywordsWater Resource Integrate Water Resource Management Downstream State Upstream State Central ASIA
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