Democratization and Human Security in Sierra Leone: An Introduction
- 237 Downloads
Democratization, like democracy, is a contested term in governance studies, and, as such, has elicited varied definitions, conceptualizations, and theorizing. Early conceptualizations were narrowly focused on political transformation from an undemocratic political system to an accountable and representative government (Grugel 2002). Laurence Whitehead (2002) cautioned, however, that the term should not be defined by “some fixed and timeless objective criterion,” which often invokes the turnover test or transformation alluded to by Grugel. Such a definition, Whitehead argues, is at once both too “permissive for some cases and exacting for others.” To avoid such, Whitehead conceives democratization as a “long term, dynamic and open-ended process … progress towards … rule based, more consensual and more participatory type of politics” (26-27).
KeywordsCivil Society Food Insecurity United Nations Development Programme Democratization Process Human Security
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Annan, Kofi. “Secretary-General Salutes International Workshop on Human Security in Mongolia,” Two-Day Session in Ulaanbaatar, May 8–10, 2000. Press Release, SG/SM/7382. http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2000/20000508.sgsm7382.doc.html, accessed March 10, 2015.
- Bangura, Yusuf, and United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD). New Directions in State Reform: Implications for Civil Society in Africa, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, 1999.Google Scholar
- Graham, David T. and Nana K. Poku. Migration, Globalization and Human Security, London: Routledge, 2000.Google Scholar
- Grugel, Jean. Democratization: A Critical Introduction, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.Google Scholar
- International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA), “Democracy, Conflict and Human Security: Policy Summary: Key Findings and Recommendations, International IDEA, 2006.Google Scholar
- Kaldor, Mary, and James Vincent. “Evaluation of UNDP Assistance to Conflict Affected Countries-Human Security: Case Study Sierra Leone,” United Nations Development Program Evaluations Office, 2006. http://web.undp.org/evaluation/documents/thematic/conflict/sierraleone.pdf, accessed March 11, 2015.
- Landman, Todd. “Democracy and Human Security: Essential Linkages,” in Judith Large and Timothy Sisk (eds), Democracy, Conflict and Human Security: Further Readings (volume 2), Stockholm: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA), 2006.Google Scholar
- Poverty Eradication Network. “Enhancing the Competence and Sustainability of High Quality CSOs in Kenya,” Report of an Exploratory Study commissioned by Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN), (2007).Google Scholar
- Truth and Reconciliation Commission. “Witness to Truth,” Final Report of the TRC, Chapter 2, 2004. http://sierraleonetrc.org/index.php/view-report-text-vol-2/item/volume-two-chapter-two?category_id=20, accessed March 11, 2015.
- United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Human Development Report, New York: Oxford University Press, 1994, p. 23. http://www.undp.org/hdro/1994/94.htm, accessed March 10, 2015.