Democratization and Human Security in Sierra Leone: An Introduction



Democratization, like democracy, is a contested term in governance studies, and, as such, has elicited varied definitions, conceptualizations, and theorizing. Early conceptualizations were narrowly focused on political transformation from an undemocratic political system to an accountable and representative government (Grugel 2002). Laurence Whitehead (2002) cautioned, however, that the term should not be defined by “some fixed and timeless objective criterion,” which often invokes the turnover test or transformation alluded to by Grugel. Such a definition, Whitehead argues, is at once both too “permissive for some cases and exacting for others.” To avoid such, Whitehead conceives democratization as a “long term, dynamic and open-ended process … progress towards … rule based, more consensual and more participatory type of politics” (26-27).


Civil Society Food Insecurity United Nations Development Programme Democratization Process Human Security 
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© Marda Mustapha 2016

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