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Display Designer Yuriy Tyapchenko

  • Slava Gerovitch
Part of the Palgrave Studies in the History of Science and Technology book series (PSHST)

Abstract

Yuriy Aleksandrovich Tyapchenko was born on March 26, 1938, in the Krasnodar region. He graduated from the Moscow Power Institute in 1961 as an electrical engineer and joined Sergey Darevskiy’s laboratory at a branch of the Flight Research Institute (LII) in Zhukovskiy near Moscow. In 1967 this laboratory formed the Specialized Experimental Design Bureau within the Institute. In 1971 the bureau split off from LII and formed a separate organization. In 1983 the bureau again merged with the Flight Research Institute branch to become part of the Scientific-Research Institute of Aviation Equipment (NII AO). In 1997 the bureau was reestablished within the NII AO as the Specialized Experimental Design Bureau of Space Technology. Tyapchenko worked at the bureau as an engineer, the head of the laboratory of onboard information display systems (IDS) design, the head of the division of design, testing, and support of IDS for piloted spacecraft, and as deputy general director/deputy chief designer (1997–2002). He participated in or supervised the development of IDS for Vostok 2, Voskhod, Voskhod 3KV-6, Soyuz 7K/T/TM, Almaz, Salyut, and Buran. He also led the work on simulators for the Soyuz 7K, Zond, and N1–L3 programs. Tyapchenko supervised the design and development of IDS for the service module of the Mir space station, for the International Space Station, and for the modernized piloted spacecraft Soyuz TMA.
Figure 7.1

Yuriy Tyapchenko at the Specialized Experimental Design Bureau of Space Technology, Zhukovskiy, Moscow region, May 2002. To his left is a Vostok instrument board; behind him a Soyuz instrument board (photo by author).

Keywords

International Space Station Control Panel Space Technology Nuclear Power Station Chief Designer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 3.
    See Sergey G. Darevskiy, “Kosmonavtika i aviatsiia: Ikh vzaimodeystviye pri podgotovke pervykh kosmonavtov,” in Gagarinskii sbornik (Gagarin, 1988), pp. 61–69.Google Scholar
  2. 33.
    Valentina Ponomareva, Zhenskoe litso kosmosa (Moscow: Gelios, 2002), p. 113. See also Ponomareva’s interview in this collection.Google Scholar
  3. 38.
    The Buran program was suspended in 1990 and terminated in 1993. See Bart Hendrickx and Bert Vis, Energiya-Buran: The Soviet Space Shuttle (Chichester: Springer/Praxis, 2007).Google Scholar
  4. 40.
    The modernized version, Soyuz TMA, had significantly relaxed height and weight restrictions for the crew, thus accommodating a wider astronaut pool. For Soyuz TM, the height restrictions were 164–182 cm (standing) and 80–94 cm (seated), the weight restriction 56–85 kg. For Soyuz TMA, the height restrictions were 150–190 cm (standing), 80–99 cm (seated), the weight restriction 50–95 kg. Soyuz TMA was first launched in October 2002. See Sergey Shamsutdinov, “Korabl ‘Soyuz TMA,’” Novosti kosmonavtiki 8:17–18 (1998), accessed May 21, 2014, http://epizodsspace.no-ip.org/bibl/nk/1998/17–18/17–18–1998–3.html#42.Google Scholar
  5. 41.
    On March 23, 2001, the Mir space station was deliberately de-orbited, disintegrating over the South Pacific. See David M. Harland, The Story of Space Station Mir (Chichester: Springer/Praxis, 2005).Google Scholar

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© Slava Gerovitch 2014

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  • Slava Gerovitch

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