“Cosmonaut 13”: Vladimir Shatalov
Vladimir Aleksandrovich Shatalov was born on December 8, 1927, in Petropavlovsk, Kazakhstan. In 1949 he graduated from the Kachinskoye Highest Military Aviation School for fighter pilots in Krasnyy Kut in the Saratov region. After graduation, he stayed at the school as a pilot instructor. In 1956 Shatalov graduated with honors from the Air Force Academy in Monino near Moscow. He served as squadron commander, deputy regiment commander in the Air Force, and chief inspector pilot of the 48th Air Force Army in the Odessa Military District. On January 10, 1963, Shatalov joined the cosmonaut group. In the years 1963–1965 he had general cosmonaut training. In 1965 he trained as the commander of the third (backup) crew for the planned Voskhod 3 mission, which was canceled. In the years 1967–1968 he trained for a Soyuz docking mission and served as Georgiy Beregovoy’s backup on Soyuz 3 , the first completed Soyuz mission. In January 1969 Shatalov commanded Soyuz 4 and successfully performed the first manual docking of two piloted spacecraft. In October 1969 he commanded Soyuz 8 and the joint Soyuz 6/7/8 mission, during which Soyuz 7 and Soyuz 8 spacecraft failed to approach because of a malfunction of the rendezvous control system. In April 1971 he commanded the Soyuz 10 mission to the Salyut space station, but did not dock with the station because of a failure of the docking mechanism.
KeywordsState Commission Space Flight Design Bureau Flight Duration Mission Control
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- 1.See Vladimir A. Shatalov, Trudnyye dorogi kosmosa (Moscow: Molodaya gvardiya, 1978) and Kosmicheskiye budni (Moscow: Mashinostroeniye, 2008);Google Scholar
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- 52.Shatalov refers to Mikhail Gorbachev’s perestroika and the collapse of the Soviet Union, which resulted in drastic cuts in state support for the space program. The Buran program was suspended in 1990 and terminated in 1993. See Bart Hendrickx and Bert Vis, Energiya-Buran: The Soviet Space Shuttle (Chichester: Springer/Praxis, 2007).Google Scholar