The Warrior and the Wizard: The Leadership Styles of Josiah Tongogara and Robert Mugabe during Zimbabwe’s Liberation Struggle

  • Nyasha M. GuramatunhuCooper
Part of the Palgrave Studies in African Leadership book series (PSAL)


Studying Zimbabwe’s liberation struggle is not an easy task. There are various aspects to consider that give insight to ideologies, philosophies, identities, and narratives that make up the history of the liberation struggle.1 Raftopolous and Mlambo (2009) provided a concise history of Zimbabwe’s political legacy since the days of Rhodesia. Bhebhe and Ranger (1996) examined how Africans experienced life during and after the war, essentially tracing Rhodesia’s metamorphosis into Zimbabwe and its impact on African life, beliefs, and traditions. Kriger (1991) examined the complex relationship between liberation fighters and African civilians. Although the aforementioned works provide insight into various aspects of Zimbabwe’s liberation history, scholarship is underdeveloped in the discussion of leadership as an important element of Zimbabwe’s armed struggle.


Social Movement Liberation Movement Leadership Style Charismatic Leader Contemporary Scholarship 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Baba G. Jallow 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nyasha M. GuramatunhuCooper

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