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Engaging with the Middle East: The Rise and Fall of Turkish Leadership in the 2000s

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Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Series in Global Public Diplomacy book series (GPD)

Abstract

This chapter aims to analyze the dynamics of Turkey’s relations with the Middle East in the 2000s. It argues that three issues—economic relations, the mediation processes, and the Palestinian issue—have played significant roles in increasing Turkey’s power and transforming it into a central actor in the region in this period. Turkey’s economic relations with the Middle East countries have grown significantly in the 2000s, visible both in the trade figures as well as in the levels of investment. The reasons for this could be found in the evolution of the Turkish economy, its need for new markets, and the increasing power of the Anatolian bourgeoisie. Relations with Syria were portrayed as a “special case” in this context. In looking at the mediation efforts, relations with the Lebanese groups and Turkey’s role in solving the 2009 impasse and leading the indirect talks between Israel and Syria in 2007–2008 gave it a chance to boost its image as a “central country,” a regional and global player pursuing rhythmic diplomacy, able to talk to every actor, and upholding the principle of “security for all.” The Palestinian issue has been significant in “winning the hearts and minds” of the Arab street and boosting the normative character of Turkey’s foreign policy. After analyzing the details of these issues, this chapter will look at the developments of the Arab Spring and what kind of opportunities and challenges it posed for Turkey.

Keywords

Foreign Policy Middle East Economic Relation Soft Power Political Relation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Ruşen Çakır, “Erdoğan: Türkiye’nin Yumuşak Gücü artıyor,” Gazete Vatan, June 8, 2005, http://www.gazetevatan.com/erdogan---turkiye-nin-yumusak-gucu-artiyor-54916-gundem/.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    For example, see Meliha Altunışık, “The Possibilities and Limits of Turkey’s Soft Power in the Middle East,” Insight Turkey (2008): pp. 41–54Google Scholar
  3. Tarık Oğuzlu, “Soft Power in Turkish Foreign Policy,” Australian Journal of International Affairs (2007)Google Scholar
  4. Kemal Kirişçi, “Turkey’s ‘Demonstrative Effect’ and the Transformation of the Middle East,” Insight Turkey (2011).Google Scholar
  5. 3.
    A. K. Han, “iş Dünyası Artık Diş Politikanın Öncülerinden”, Turkish Time, April–May, (2004).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    L. Martin, “Turkey’s Middle East Foreign Policy” in L. Martin and D. Keridis (eds) The Future of Turkish Foreign Policy (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2004), p. 168.Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    Ahmet Davutoğlu, “Turkey’s Mediation: Critical Reflections from the Field,” Middle East Policy 20, no. 1 (Spring 2013): 84.Google Scholar
  8. 12.
    İbrahim Kahn, “Turkish Foreign Policy: Framework, Values and Mechanisms,” International Journal, 67, no. 1, (Winter 2011): 7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 14.
    Mensur Akgün, Sabiha Senyücel Gündoğar, Jonathan Levack, Gökçe Perçinoğlu, “The Perception of Turkey in the Middle East,” TESEV Report, TESEV Foreign Policy Programme, Istanbul: TESEV, 2011.Google Scholar
  10. 16.
    Bülent Aras and Sevgi Akarçeşme, “Turkey and the Arab Spring,” International Journal 67, no. l(Winter 2011–2012): 42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 21.
    Bülent Arinç, “A2018rap Dünyası’nda Dönüşüm: Türkiye’den Bakiş,” ORSAM Böigesel Gelişmeler Değerlendirmesi, no. 4 (June 2014): 2.Google Scholar

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© B. Senem Çevik and Philip Seib 2015

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