Historical Perspective: Ottomans and the Republican Era

Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Series in Global Public Diplomacy book series (GPD)


Though the development of public diplomacy and the concept and use of “soft power” in conflicts between states corresponds to a recent period, its application dates back to olden times, to even before the history of diplomacy. Soft power is a mode of power to generate the admiration of different countries and people, and if described as a power directed toward attracting other people, examples can go as far back as to the concept of creating a state. Cull has given examples on the usage of soft power from Antiquity and the Roman period in his book.1


Foreign Policy Arab World Soft Power Country Image Public Diplomacy 
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© B. Senem Çevik and Philip Seib 2015

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