Advertisement

Turkey’s Public Diplomacy: Its Actors, Stakeholders, and Tools

Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Series in Global Public Diplomacy book series (GPD)

Abstract

With its strategic geographical location and complex historical background, Turkey has always been in the foreground of international politics. Since the establishment of the Republic of Turkey, various modes of communication were employed to project the country’s image. The disruptions within Turkish democracy due to military coups, military memoranda, and foreign policy concerns such as Cyprus and the EU accession process also required a more effective communication policy with foreign countries. Hence, Turkey has been utilizing numerous tools in communicating its foreign policy messages through governmental and nongovernmental entities in the hope of shaping global public opinion on Turkey. Although one can find some early examples of public diplomacy in the 1990s, professionalized public diplomacy efforts began only after 2000 along with Turkey’s growing regional role.

Keywords

Foreign Policy Foreign Affair Soft Power National Brand Coordination Agency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Jan Melissen, “The New Public Diplomacy: Between Theory and Practice,” in Jan Melissen (ed.) The New Public Diplomacy: Soft Power in International Relations (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007), p. 3.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jan Dirk Kemming and Ozlem Sandikçi, “Turkey’s EU Accession as a Question of Nation Brand Image,” Place Branding and Public Diplomacy 3, no. 1 (Palgrave Macmillan, 2007): 38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    İb0130a0130him Kalin, “Soft Power and Public Diplomacy in Turkey,” Perceptions 16, no. 3 (Autumn 2011): 5.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    Murat Vural, Ali, Nitelikli Diyalog İçin Nitelikli Bir Siyaset Dili Gerekiyor (Interview with Abdullah Gül), NPQ Türkiye8, say1. 5 (2011): 33.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    İbrahim Kalin, “Türk Diş Politikasi ve Kamu Diplomasisi,” in Ali Resul Usul (ed.) Yükselen Değer Türkiye (Istanbul: MÜSIAD Yayınları, 2010), MÜSIAD Yayınları, 2010)p. 64.Google Scholar
  6. 47.
    Bülend Aydın Ertekin, “Uluslararası Sistemde Görsel-İşitsel Medyanın Kamu Diplomasisi ve Kamuoyu Yaratmadaki Önemi: TRT’nin Türkçe Dışında Yayın Yapan Kanalları Üzerine Bir İnceleme,” Electronic Journal of Social Sciences 11, no. 42 (Autumn 2012): 346.Google Scholar
  7. 48.
    Benno Signitzer, “Public Relations and Public Diplomacy: Some Conceptual Explorations,” in Ansgar Zerfass, Betteke Van Ruler, and Krishnamurthy Sriramesh (eds) Public Relations Research (Netherlands: Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 2008), p. 209.Google Scholar
  8. 55.
    Christopher Ross, “Public Diplomacy Comes of Age,” The Washington Quarterly 25, no. 2 (2002): 76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 64.
    Kürşad Zorlu, Türk Okullari, June 6, 2011. Available online at http://www.turkokullari.net/content/view/452/49/.Google Scholar
  10. 72.
    Evan H. Potter, Branding Canada (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2009), p. 53.Google Scholar
  11. 77.
    Gyorgy Szondi, “Central and Eastern European Public Diplomacy,” in Nancy Snow and Philip M. Taylor, (eds) Handbook of Public Diplomacy (New York: Routledge, 2009), p. 303.Google Scholar
  12. 81.
    For further information, see Gaye Aslı Sancar, Kamu Diplomasisi ve Uluslararası Halkla İlişkiler (Istanbul: Beta Yayınları, 2012).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© B. Senem Çevik and Philip Seib 2015

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations