Advertisement

Addressing Controversy II: Turkey and the Kurds

Chapter
  • 110 Downloads
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Series in Global Public Diplomacy book series (GPD)

Abstract

Turkey’s former deputy prime minister Beşir Atalay said in an interview that during the Justice and Development Party’s (JDP) rule since 2002, almost 60 percent of all reforms and democratization initiatives undertaken were related to the Kurdish issue.1 This statement alone illustrates the centrality of the Kurdish issue in Turkey’s political and democratic evolution. The domestic consequences and economic costs of the Kurdish issue have been all too evident: over 40,000 deaths, a military-dominated hybrid political regime, an economic bill of hundreds of billions of dollars, the institution of a regime of impunity in the Kurdish plurality east and southeast of Turkey as a result of the emergence of a dual legal system in a country that takes pleasure from emphasizing the unitary nature of its state, and the fast fraying social bondages between state and the Kurds are a few such domestic repercussions to name.

Keywords

European Union European Parliament Soft Power Peace Process Peaceful Settlement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    See Besir Atalay’s interview with Nil Gülsüm in Yeni Safak, Nil Gülsüm, “Türkiye nefes aldi,” Yeni Safak, October 13, 2013. Accessed October 23, 2014. http://www.yenisafak.com.tr/roportaj/turkiye-nefes-aldi-573622.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Galip Dalay, “Foreign Policy Implications of the Kurdish Peace for Turkey,” Al Jazeera, July 26, 2013Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dilek Kurban, “Europe as an Agent of Change: The Role of the European Court of Human Rights and the EU in Turkey’s Kurdish Policies,” SWP Research Paper, October 6, 2014.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    For an overview of the Turkish republic’s securitization politics, see Galip Dalay, “Kurdish Peace Process: The Latest Phase of De-Securitisation politics,” Al Jazeera, May 14, 2013Google Scholar
  5. For a journalist’s perspective on the state’s securitization of the Kurdish issue, especially in the roiling years of 1990s, see Hasan Cemal, Kürtler (Istanbul: Doğan Kitap, 2003)Google Scholar
  6. For a good account of how the Kurdish issue has been perceived and presented in the state’s discourse, see Mesut Yegen, Devlet Söyleminde Kürt Sorunu, (Istanbul: İletişim Yayınları, 1999).Google Scholar
  7. 6.
    Mesut Yegen, “The AK Party and the Kurdish Question: Conflict to Negotiation,” Al Jazeera Center for Studies Report, January 15, 2014.Google Scholar
  8. Metin Atmaca, “Ozal’dan Erdogan’a Kurt Sorununda Cozum Sureci,” in Hakan Samur and Zelai Kizilkan Kisacik (eds) Turkiye’nin Demokratiklesmesi: Etnik-Dini Kesimler Uzerinden Degisimin Analizi, (Konya: Cizgi Yayinevi, 2014), pp. 19–53.Google Scholar
  9. 7.
    See, Taha Ozhan and Hatem Ete, “Kürt Meselesi: Problemler ve Cözüm Önerileri,” SETA Analiz, November 2008.Google Scholar
  10. 9.
    For a wide range of analyses on the JDP’s policies/vision in its early years and the evolution of Political Islam in Turkey, see, M. Hakan Yavuz, ed., The Emergence of a New Turkey: Democracy and the AK Parti (Utah: University of Utah Press, 2006).Google Scholar
  11. As regards the JDP’s utilization of human rights and democracy discourse as a shield against the then powerful secularist establishment and as a mean for systemic security and legitimacy, see Ihsan Dagi, “The Justice and Development Party: Identity, Politics, and Human Rights Discourse in the Search for Security and Legitimacy,” in M. Hakan Yavuz (ed.) The Emergence of a New Turkey: Democracy and the AK Parti (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2006), pp. 88–107.Google Scholar
  12. 10.
    For instance, İbrahim Kalin, “Soft Power and Public Diplomacy in Turkey,” Perceptions 16, no. 3 (2011): 5–23.Google Scholar
  13. 11.
    See Davutoglu’s interview with Ibrahim Karagül, “Tek bir başarı hikayesi var,” Yeni Safak, September 15, 2014. Accessed October 24, 2014. http://www.yenisa-fak.com.tr/roportaj/tek-bir-basari-hikayesi-var-685039.Google Scholar
  14. 12.
    See Galip Dalay, “The Kurdish Peace Process: Ideology, Interest, and the Regional Dynamics,” GMF Series on Turkey, Analysis, April 29, 2014.Google Scholar
  15. 13.
    Galip Dalay, “Kurdish Peace Process: The Latest Phase of De-Securitisation Politics.” Al Jazeera Opinion, 14 May 2013, http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2013/05/2013514154722778273.html, Accessed May 8, 2015.Google Scholar
  16. 15.
    For a short read on how Turkey-KRG’s economic and energy relations soon evolved into a strategic partnership, see David Phillips, “Turkey and Iraqi Kurdistan Are Strategic Partners,” Atlantic Council, June 27, 2009.Google Scholar
  17. 16.
    Galip Dalay, “Çözüm süreci ve düşündürdükleri,” Star — Acik Görüs, March 2, 2013.Google Scholar
  18. 21.
    Gonul Tol, “Untangling the Turkey-KRG Energy Partnership: Looking beyond Economic Drivers,” Instituto Affari Internazionali Policy Brief 14, March 2014.Google Scholar
  19. 24.
    For example, see Mohammed M. A. Ahmed and Michael M. Gunter, eds., The Kurdish Spring: Geopolitical Changes and the Kurds (Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda, 2013).Google Scholar
  20. 26.
    Galip Dalay, “Turkey’s Approach to Syria’s Kurds Ignores Potential Gains,” World Politics Review, August 15, 2012.Google Scholar
  21. 27.
    Galip Dalay, “The Kurdish Peace Process: Ideology, Interest, and the Regional Dynamics,” GMF on Turkey, April 29, 2014.Google Scholar
  22. 28.
    See reporting by Alex Christie Miller on the stern exchanges between PYD and Turkey, “Kurds Accuse Turkish Government of Supporting ISIS,” Newsweek, October 22, 2014. Accessed October 26, 2014. http://www.newsweek.com/2014/10/31/kurds-accuse-turkish-government-supporting-isis-278776.html.Google Scholar
  23. 29.
    For an analysis on the ramifications of the October 6–7 protests on the peace process, see Yunus Akbaba, “6–7 Ekim Olaylari ve Cozum Sureci,” SETA Perspektif, October 2014.Google Scholar
  24. 32.
    See the former deputy prime minister and current JDP spokesperson Besir Atalay’s interview with Fadime Ozkan, “Beşir Atalay: Kobani olayları Cözüm Süreci’ni aşıladı,” Star, October 19, 2014. Accessed October 26, 2014. http://haber.stargazete.com/yazar/hdp-oyuna-geldigini-anladi-kobani-olaylari-sureci-asiladi/yazi-953671.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© B. Senem Çevik and Philip Seib 2015

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations