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Research, Development, and Academic Culture in Chinese Universities

A Historical Reflection
  • Su-Yan Pan
Chapter
  • 180 Downloads
Part of the International and Development Education book series (INTDE)

Abstract

As drawn from the experience of European universities during the medieval period, a university can be mainly defined as a scholarly institution for independent thought, criticism, and creativity that is governed, in large measure, by its community members (Hetherington 1965; Jaspers 1959; Martin 1972). Research is seen as a scholarly activity that helps to define the principal functions—that is, creating new knowledge, pursuing truth, and transmitting culture—that are central to a university’s identity (Newman 1959; Clark 1984). A university should maintain a certain distance and independence from the surrounding culture so that it may pursue truth without external interruptions from government, business, or religion (Moor 1993; Mori 1993).

Keywords

Academic Freedom High Education Policy Academic Culture Soviet Model Nationalist Government 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© John N. Hawkins and Ka Ho Mok 2015

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  • Su-Yan Pan

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