Management of Research, Development, and Innovation
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Malaysia is a middle-income country with a multiethnic population of 28 million. In 2011, Malaysia was ranked thirtieth in the economies of the world with agross domestic product (GDP) of RM8531 billion, a growth rate of 5.1 percent, and GDP per capita of RM29,404 (Department of Statistics Malaysia 2012). The vision of Malaysia is to become a high-income country with an economy that is inclusive and sustainable and to establish a progressive society that is scientific and innovative (Malaysia 2009). The government recognizes the importance of science and technology in national development. A number of national policies have been outlined since the 1980s to formulate and implement various initiatives and programs to enhance the national capabilities of research, development, and innovation (RDI) (Ministry of Science, Technology, and Innovation 2012).
KeywordsGross Domestic Product Academic Staff Postgraduate Degree Universiti Sains Malaysia Public HEIs
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