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Literacy and Numeracy Skills among Children in Developing Countries

  • Jessica Ball
  • Scott G. Paris
  • Rangachar Govinda
Chapter

Abstract

Young children in developing countries are at risk—due to no, little, or low quality education, and limited family resources and constrained opportunities for culturally meaningful learning. The risk is even greater for children who do not speak the majority language, endure poverty, and are members of marginalized groups including girls and religious minorities. This chapter identifies some of the foundational literacy, numeracy, and cognitive skills that children need to acquire in order to gain access to advanced educational and economic opportunities, and strategies to support these skills especially for children who are not well served by existing teaching and curricula. We identify some promising programs, research gaps, and areas where policy reforms are needed. Throughout the chapter we show how parental support, appropriate curricula, including use of the child’s first language, and effective teachers are crucial for educational achievement of all children.

Keywords

Phonological Awareness Literacy Skill Oral Reading Numeracy Skill Preschool Program 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Daniel A. Wagner 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jessica Ball
  • Scott G. Paris
  • Rangachar Govinda

There are no affiliations available

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