Face-to-face Interaction in a Speaking Test: A Corpus-Based Study of Chinese Learners’ Basic Spoken Vocabulary

  • Shasha Xu


Natural language use constitutes the best source of linguistic evidence (Sinclair & Carter, 2004). The availability of large corpora changes considerably the possibility of research on authentic language data (Adolphs & Carter, 2013; Hunston, 2002). Recently, analyses of learner corpora against native speaker corpora provide insights for vocabulary teaching and learning. Corpus linguistics studies have included spoken language data for the purpose of developing pedagogical materials (Biber, 2006; Campoy-Cubillo, Bellés-Fortuño, & Gea-Valor, 2010; Granger, 2003). By comparing a learner corpus with a native speaker corpus, it is ‘possible to identify instances of learners’ underuse or overuse of spoken vocabulary, as well as to investigate how far, and in what ways, learners deviate from NS norms’ (Shirato & Stapleton, 2007, p. 394).


Native Speaker Lexical Item Chinese Learner Test Taker English Native Speaker 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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