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Voices of Spanish Socialist Trade Unionism during the End of the Franco Regime and the Transition to Democracy

  • Pilar Domínguez Prats
Chapter
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Part of the Palgrave Studies in Oral History book series (PSOH)

Abstract

The labor movement was the primary hotbed of social protest against the dictatorship that held sway in Spain from the end of the Civil War in 1939 to General Franco’s death in 1975. Under Franco’s regime, Spaniards were forced to relinquish their civil and political rights. The lack of trade union freedom and the widespread repression of democratic unions hampered efforts to organize workers within Spain for many years. At the time, the only legal means of organizing labor was under the auspices of the Confederación Nacional de Sindicatos (CNS) or National Labor Union, also known as the Vertical Union. This organization was “a copy of the Italian corporate fascist model in which workers and employers were brought together by the paternalistic state to share one institution” (Cazorla 43) and the only legal trade union in Spain until the end of the dictatorship. The authorities did make a minor concession; in 1958, the new Collective Bargaining Act allowed workers to choose their own union representatives—albeit within the state-sanctioned CNS—and collectively negotiate labor conditions and agreements in companies with 50 or more employees. However, workers’ rights remained very limited. Workers were not free to hold meetings in the workplace or associate with other workers outside the CNS (Cazorla 40).

Keywords

Trade Union Collective Bargaining Life Story Labor Movement Oral History 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Pilar Domínguez Prats 2016

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  • Pilar Domínguez Prats

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