A Remarkable Past
This chapter sketches the history of sociology in Austria from its first appearance in the late 19th Century until the end of democracy and the takeover by the Nazi movement in 1938. During this half a century a number of books on several sociological topics were authored which received remarkable resonance both by contemporaries but also later on through re-editions and translations. This intellectual blossoming contrasts heavily with the unfavorable conditions under which these works had to be produced. The universities did not support creative and innovative research, and also banned Leftists and Jews from climbing up inside academia.
KeywordsAlfred Schütz anti-Semitism Felix Kaufmann Habsburg Empire Joseph A. Schumpeter Logical Positivism Ludwig Gumplowicz Marie Jahoda Otto Bauer Otto Neurath Paul F. Lazarsfeld Red Vienna
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