In Search of ‘Dog’: Fictional Media Constructions of Dogs in the Leisure Environment

  • Neil Carr
Part of the Leisure Studies in a Global Era book series (LSGE)


A detailed look at the social construction of dogs was provided by Carr (2014). The important point to recognize is that while the dog is a physical being in its own right it is also very clearly a human social construct. In this way dogs have been designed and asked by humans, with varying degrees of thought given to the dogs’ own desires, to undertake a wide array of roles in human society. They have been used in many working environments; protecting flocks of sheep, guarding human houses, and sniffing out drugs and explosives amongst much else. They have also been employed as aids for disabled/physically impaired people, most notable amongst these being guide dogs for the blind. Dogs, as noted in Carr (2014), also undertake a variety of roles within sports devised for and by humans. These include greyhound racing (discussed in Chapter 6), sled dog racing, dog fighting, and bear baiting, amongst others. Dogs have also been and continue to be utilized in human cuisine in various parts of the world. In addition, dogs have been used as expressions of human identity, sometimes with little or no differentiation between them and inanimate objects such as shoes and handbags. Last, but by no means least, dogs have taken on/been given the role of human companion, a friend to share time with and enjoy the company of.


Main Character Comic Strip Television Series Tourism Research Minor Character 
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© Neil Carr 2015

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  • Neil Carr

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