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Children of Imprisoned Parents in Numbers

  • Peter Scharff Smith
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Prisons and Penology book series (PSIPP)

Abstract

It is difficult to say precisely how many children actually experience having a parent in prison. The explanation is simply that this is typically not registered in any official statistic and I have so far failed to find a country that releases yearly updates or any kind of regular official estimate of the number of prisoners’ children. This is one indication that these children and their problems have, as a rule, been outside of the authorities’ and, for many years, the media’s spotlight.1

Keywords

Foster Care Violent Crime Prison Population Family Situation Biological Child 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Gill Pugh, Sentenced Families: Signs of Change for Children with a Parent in Prison (Ipswich: Ormiston Children and Families Trust, 2004), 15.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Hoffmann, Byrd and Kightlinger “Prison Programs and Services for Incarcerated Parents and Their Underage Children: Results From a National Survey of Correctional Facilities”, in The Prison Journal , 90(4), 2010, 397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 5.
    See Joseph Murray et al. Effects of Parental Imprisonment on Child Antisocial Behaviour and Mental Health: A Systematic Review (Oslo: Campbell Collaboration, 2009), 9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 6.
    Rodriguez, N., Smith, H., and Zatz, M. S. (2009), “Youth is Enmeshed in a Highly Dysfunctional Family System: Exploring the Relationship Among Dysfunctional Families, Parental Incarceration, and Juvenile Court Decision Making”, Criminology 47, no. 1, (2009), 181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 7.
    See surveys referred to in Sandra Enos, Mothering from the Inside: Parenting in a Women’s Prison (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001), 3.Google Scholar
  6. 15.
    The Council of Crime Prevention, Fængsledes børn — en udsat gruppe [Prisoners’ Children — A Vulnerable Group], (Copenhagen, February 2005, 8.Google Scholar
  7. 16.
    Minke (2010); Rikke Olsen, Invisible Consequences of Punishment: Parental Imprisonment and Child Outcomes , Ph.D. thesis, Aarhus University, 2013.Google Scholar
  8. 23.
    Jilliam J. Turanovic, Nancy Rodriguez and Travis C. Pratt, “The Collateral Consequences of Incarceration Revisited: A Qualitative Analysis of the Effects on Caregivers of Children of Incarecrated Parents”, Criminology 50, no. 4 (2012), 914.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 24.
    Statistics Denmark, Børns Familier [Children’s Families] 2008, 193.Google Scholar
  10. 32.
    Wildeman, C., “Parental Imprisonment, the Prison Boom, and the Concentration of Childhood Disadvantage”, Demography 46, no. 2 (2009), 266.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Peter Scharff Smith 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Scharff Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Danish Institute for Human RightsDenmark

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