Why Reforms Failed?

  • Takis S. Pappas


What explains the failure of reforms in Greece’s populist democracy? Through a, necessarily concise, examination of attempts to improve such crucial policy areas as health, pensions, and education, it is shown that reforms failed because the majority of Greek society typically stood against them. Such a strong resistance to reform is further explained by society’s high aversion to losing benefits already received (or expected) through patronage exchanges. The logic of reform resistance is sufficiently illustrated by the foundering attempts to improve Greece’s tax system.


Pension Fund Pension System Insurance Fund Greek Society Antisocial Punishment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Takis S. Pappas 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takis S. Pappas
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Balkan, Slavic and Oriental StudiesUniversity of MacedoniaGreece
  2. 2.Department of Political and Social SciencesEuropean University InstituteFlorenceItaly

Personalised recommendations