Patronage Politics

  • Takis S. Pappas


Patronage is a key mechanism in populism. Even more so in Greece’s populist democracy where, rather than offering a simple principal-agent relation, it amounts to a large-scale collective action problem involving the distribution of tangible as well as nontangible state-related benefits by the political class to the whole of society. Greek society became the recipient of three such types of benefit: real incomes, such as salaries and pensions; privileged protection against market risks; and widespread impunity from the law.


Market Risk Shadow Economy Public Enterprise Social Spending Political Class 
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Copyright information

© Takis S. Pappas 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takis S. Pappas
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Balkan, Slavic and Oriental StudiesUniversity of MacedoniaGreece
  2. 2.Department of Political and Social SciencesEuropean University InstituteFlorenceItaly

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