Critical Elections

  • Takis S. Pappas


In the successive national elections of May and June 2012, the previous party system of polarized bipartism collapsed and took with it the potential for parties to govern singlehandedly. To make sense of the emerging patterns of party competition, I propose a classification of the significant political parties into three groups consisting of: old populists now turned into reluctant liberals; new populists emerging on both the left and the right; and non-democrats occupying the far-left and the far-right of the political spectrum.


Party System Austerity Measure Crisis Politics Structural Opposi Party Competition 
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Copyright information

© Takis S. Pappas 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takis S. Pappas
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Balkan, Slavic and Oriental StudiesUniversity of MacedoniaGreece
  2. 2.Department of Political and Social SciencesEuropean University InstituteFlorenceItaly

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