The conclusion explores some the complications of attempting to establish the chronological origins of the Black church and independent churches. By viewing the Civil War as the major turning point in this history we can see that many of these churches began to play a much more significant role after the war. Using Bishop Daniel Payne’s explication of the virtues of independent Black churches, we go on to further clarify the evolution and development of these churches and their continued significance.


Black Church African American Church White Institution Local Congregation Major Turning Point 
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    Henry H. Mitchell, Black Church Beginnings: The Long Hidden Realities of the First Years (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdman’s Publishing Company) 2004, 46–69.Google Scholar
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    Lewis V. Baldwin, The I.T.C. Journal, Atlanta, Georgia, 31–43. Daniel James Russell, History of the African Union Methodist Protestant Church (Philadelphia: Union Star Book and Job Printing and Publishing House) 1920.Google Scholar
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    Harry V. Richardson, Black Salvation: The Story of Methodism as it Developed Among Blacks in America (New York: Doubleday and Company) 1976, 79–80Google Scholar
  4. Lewis V. Baldwin, The Mark of a Man: Peter Spencer and the African Union Methodist Tradition (Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, Inc.) 1987, 4–18.Google Scholar
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    Daniel A. Payne, History of the Methodist Episcopal Church (New York: Arno Press) 1969, 9–11.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© L. H. Whelchel, Jr. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. H. WhelchelJr
    • 1
  1. 1.Interdenominational Theological CenterUSA

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