The conclusion explores some the complications of attempting to establish the chronological origins of the Black church and independent churches. By viewing the Civil War as the major turning point in this history we can see that many of these churches began to play a much more significant role after the war. Using Bishop Daniel Payne’s explication of the virtues of independent Black churches, we go on to further clarify the evolution and development of these churches and their continued significance.
KeywordsBlack Church African American Church White Institution Local Congregation Major Turning Point
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