Advertisement

Abstract

In this introductory chapter, the authors briefly summarize the origins of the enduring, yet overly positive rhetoric associated with the Olympic and Paralympic Games. They argue that the five distinct case studies of the London 2012 Games that make up this book each underline, in varied ways, the juxtaposition between the assumed homogeneity, equality, tolerance and unity associated with London 2012 and some key controversies that emerged before, during and after the spectacle of the Games which, instead, illustrate the many inequalities and divisions that were also apparent. Finally, the structure and organization of the book are outlined.

Keywords

Olympic Game International Olympic Committee Sport Competition Sociological Concept International Sport 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aitchison, C. (2007) (ed.) Sport & Gender Identities: Masculinities, Femininities, and Sexuality. London, Routledge.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, B. (1991) Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism. London, Verso.Google Scholar
  3. Bailey, P. (1987) Leisure and Class in Victorian England: Rational Recreation and the Contest for Control, 1830–1885. London, Methuen.Google Scholar
  4. Bale, J. and Christensen, M.K. (2004) (eds) Post-Olympism? Questioning Sport in the Twenty-First Century. London, Berg.Google Scholar
  5. Beale, C. (2011) Born Out of Wenlock: William Penny Brookes and the Origins of the Modern Olympics. Derby, Derby Books.Google Scholar
  6. Brailsford, D. (1991) Sport, Time, and Society: The British at Play. London, Routledge.Google Scholar
  7. Braye, S., Dixon, K. and Gibbons, T. (2013) “A Mockery of Equality”: An Exploratory Investigation into Disabled Activists’ Views of the Paralympic Games. Disability & Society, 28(7), 3–996.Google Scholar
  8. Brundage, A. (1958) Speech Given by Mr. Avery Brundage, President of the International Olympic Committee at the Solemn Ceremony of the 53rd Session in Sofia 22 September 1957. Bulletin du Comite International Olympique (Olympic Review). February No 61, pp. 70–71, www.library.la84.org/OlympicInformationCenter/OlympicReview/1958/BDCE61/BDCE61zg.pdf, date accessed 6 January 2014.
  9. Burdsey, D. (2007) British Asians and Football: Culture, Identity and Exclusion. London, Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Calhoun, D.W. (1987) Sport, Culture, and Personality. Champaign, IL, Human Kinetics.Google Scholar
  11. Cashmore, E. (2010) Making Sense of Sports (5th edition). New York, Routledge.Google Scholar
  12. Close, P., Askew, D. and Xin, X. (2007) The Beijing Olympiad: The Political Economy of a Sporting Mega-Event. Oxon, Routledge.Google Scholar
  13. Cunningham, H. (1980) Leisure in the Industrial Revolution 1780–1880. London, Croom Helm.Google Scholar
  14. De Coubertin, P. (1888) L’education en Angleterre: colleges et universities. Hachette et cie, https://archive.org/details/lducationenangl00coubgoog, date accessed 7 January 2014.
  15. Dixon, K. (2013) Consuming Football in Late Modern Life. Surrey, Ashgate.Google Scholar
  16. Donnelly, P. (1996) Prolympism: Sport Monoculture as Crisis and Opportunity. Quest, 48, 25–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Elias, N. and Dunning, E. (1986) (eds) Quest for Excitement: Sport and Leisure in the Civilizing Process. Oxford, Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
  18. Girginov, V. (2013) (ed.) Handbook of the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games, Volume One: Making the Games. Oxon, Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Girginov, V. (2014) (ed.) Handbook of the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games, Volume Two: Celebrating the Games. Oxon, Routledge.Google Scholar
  20. Gruneau, R. (1993) The Critique of Sport in Modernity: Theorizing Power, Culture and the Politics of the Body. In E. Dunning, J. Maguire and R. Pearton (eds) The Sports Process: A Comparative and Developmental Approach. Champaign, IL, Human Kinetics, 85–109.Google Scholar
  21. Guttmann, A. (1979) From Ritual to Record: The Nature of Modern Sports. New York City, Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Hargreaves, J. (1994) Sporting Females: Critical Issues in the History and Sociology of Women’s Sport. London, Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hargreaves, J. (1986) Sport, Power and Culture. Cambridge, Polity.Google Scholar
  24. Hayes, G. and Karamichas, J. (2012) Conclusion. Sports Mega Events: Disputed Places, Systemic Contributions and Critical Moments. In G. Hayes and J. Karamichas (eds) Olympic Games, Mega Events and Civil Societies: Globalization, Environment, Resistance. Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  25. Hill, C. (1996) Olympic Politics: Athens to Atlanta 1896–1996. Manchester, Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Hobsbawm, E. (1983) Introduction: Inventing Traditions. In E. Hobsbawm and T. Ranger (eds) The Invention of Tradition. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1–15.Google Scholar
  27. Holt, R. (1989) Sport and the British. Oxford, Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  28. Horne, J. (2006) Sport in Consumer Culture. Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  29. Horne, J. and Manzenreiter, W. (2006) An Introduction into the Sociology of Sport Mega-Events. Sociological Review, 54, 1–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Huggins, M. (2004) The Victorians and Sport. London, Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  31. Longmore, A. (2011) Heat of the Moment: 25 Extraordinary Stories from Olympic and Paralympic History: An Official London 2012 Games Publication. Chichester, John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  32. Lucas, J. (1967) Baron de Coubertin and Thomas Arnold. Bulletin du Comite International Olympique (Olympic Review), May–August No 98–99, pp. 58–60, http://library.la84.org/OlympicInformationCenter/OlympicReview/1967/BDCE98/BDCE98e.pdf, date accessed 14 January 2014.
  33. Lucas, J. (1976) Victorian Muscular Christianity. Prologue to the Olympic Games Philosophy. Olympic Review, January–February No 99–100, pp. 49–52, http://library.la84.org/OlympicInformationCenter/OlympicReview/1976/ore99/ore99x.pdf, date accessed 12 January 2014.
  34. Lucas, J. (1993) Coubertin One Hundred Years Ago: His Second American Visit in 1893. The International Journal of Olympic Studies, 11, 103–108, http://library.la84.org/SportsLibrary/Olympika/Olympika_1993/olympika0201h.pdf, date accessed 19 January 2014.
  35. Maguire, J. (1993) Globalization, Sport and National Identities: The Empires Strike Back? Society and Leisure, 16, 293–322.Google Scholar
  36. Majumdar, B. and Collins, S. (2008) (eds) Olympism the Global Vision: From Nationalism to Internationalism. Oxon, Routledge.Google Scholar
  37. McIntosh, P. (1980) Fair Play. London, Heinemann Educational.Google Scholar
  38. Menary, S. (2010) GB United? British Olympic Football and the End of the Amateur Dream. Brighton, Pitch.Google Scholar
  39. Orwell, G. (1968) The Sporting Spirit. In S. Orwell and I. Angus (eds) The Collected Essays, Journalism & Letters of George Orwell: In Front of Your Nose 1945–1950. London, Secker & Warburg, 40–44.Google Scholar
  40. Polley, M. (2011) The British Olympics: Britain’s Olympic Heritage 1612–2012. Swindon, English Heritage.Google Scholar
  41. Sandbrook, D. (2012) What Much Wenlock (The Town that Invented the Modern Olympics) Could Teach the Greedy Control Freaks of 2012. Mail Online, 30 May, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2151907/London-2012-Olympics-What-Much-Wenlock-teach-todays-greedy-control-freaks.html, date accessed 13 January 2014.
  42. Stewart, B. (1989) The Nature of Sport Under Capitalism and its Relationship to the Capitalist Labour Process. Sporting Traditions, 6(1), 3–332.Google Scholar
  43. Veblen, T. (1899/1925) The Theory of the Leisure Class: An Economic Study of Institutions. New York, Mentor.Google Scholar
  44. Wigglesworth, N. (1996) The Evolution of English Sport. London, Frank Class.Google Scholar
  45. Young, D. (1996) The Modern Olympics: A Struggle for Revival. North American Society for Sport History. Proceedings and Newsletter, http://library.la84.org/SportsLibrary/NASSH_Proceedings/NP1996/NP1996zx.pdf, date accessed 14 January 2014.
  46. Young, D. (1998) Further Thoughts on Some Issues of Early Olympic History. Journal of Olympic History (Formally Citius, Altius, Fortius), 6(3), 29–41, http://library.la84.org/SportsLibrary/JOH/JOHv6n3/JOHv6n3i.pdf, date accessed 14 January 2014.Google Scholar
  47. Young, K. and Walmsley, K.B. (2005) Global Olympics: Historical and Sociological Studies of the Modern Games. Oxford, Elsevier.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kevin Dixon and Tom Gibbons 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kevin Dixon
  • Tom Gibbons

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations