Cross-Border Staff Mobility in German and Mexican Profit Organisations
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Multinational companies (MNCs) have a long tradition of staff mobility for experts and managers. For decades the standard pattern was to send expatriates abroad with privileged packages that included additional payments and family support, as well as the promise of career advancement when they returned from their three- or five-year stay. However, several factors challenged this traditional mobility pattern. New information and communication technologies (ICTs) allowed for alternative communication channels such as emailing, real-time resource planning and other Internet and Intranet services; globalisation led not only to highly integrated border-crossing value chains, but also to a ‘critical mass’ of internationally experienced people prepared to be mobile across borders in more flexible schemes; beginning in 2007 with the financial and economic crisis, companies came under additional pressure to reduce costs; new management strategies allowed direct and bureaucratic control to be replaced by setting incentives, indirect and intrinsic control mechanisms and coordination according to benchmarks and indicators.
KeywordsKnowledge Transfer Mobility Pattern North American Free Trade Agreement Foreign Subsidiary Business Travel
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