Cross-Border Mobility: Not Only Goods and Information, Also People



Globalisation leads not only to denser networks of value chains and information flows, but also to increasing flows of people. The spatial mobility of people is increasing in volume and becoming differentiated in terms of patterns and functions. This trend affects almost all levels of society — from the lower classes, who migrate as undocumented workers, to the jet set, which includes top managers, politicians and cosmopolitan artists. At an intermediate level, organisations are increasingly fostering the cross-border mobility of a variety of experts and specialists as expatriates and business travellers (Collings et al., 2007; Reiche and Harzing, 2011).


Foreign Direct Investment Host Country Human Resource Management Mobility Pattern North American Free Trade Agreement 
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© Christel Adick, Bruno Gandlgruber, Martina Maletzky, and Ludger Pries 2014

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