Advertisement

Islamism as Communitarianism: A Comparative Analysis

  • Filippo Dionigi
Chapter
Part of the Middle East Today book series (MIET)

Abstract

This chapter claims that underlying the communitarian and Islamist critiques of liberal norms and institutions presented in Chapters 2 and 3, there is a shared way of thinking about the community and the person.

Keywords

Moral Agent Political Theory Moral Identity Political Order Moral Righteousness 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 2.
    John Charvet and Elisa Kaczynska-Nay, The liberal project and human rights: the theory and practice of a new world order (Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008), pp. 298–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 4.
    Michael J. Sandel, Liberalism and the limits of justice, 2nd ed. (Cambridge; New York: Cambridge Universtiy Press, 1998), p. 150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 5.
    John Rawls, A theory of justice, Rev. ed. (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard Univeristy Press, 1999), pp. 6, 9.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    Charles Taylor, “Atomism,” in Philosophical papers: philosophy and the human sciences (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985), p. 209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 7.
    Ira M. Lapidus, “Islamic Revival and modernity: the contemporary movements and the historical paradigms,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 40, no. 4 (1997), p. 447.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 8.
    Talal Asad, Formations of the secular: Christianity, Islam, modernity, Cultural memory in the present (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2003), p. 230.Google Scholar
  7. 9.
    Roxanne Leslie Euben, Enemy in the mirror: Islamic fundamentalism and the limits of modern rationalism (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999), pp. 135–6.Google Scholar
  8. 10.
    Ruhollah Khomeini, Islam and revolution: writings and declarations of Imam Khomeini, trans. Hamid Algar (Berkeley, CA: Mizan Press, 1981), p. 48.Google Scholar
  9. 11.
    Malcolm H. Kerr, Islamic reform; the political and legal theories of Muhammad ‘Abduh and Rashīd Riḍā (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966), p. 135.Google Scholar
  10. 12.
    Quṭb from al-Islām wa Mushkilat al-Hadāra (Islam and the Problem of Civilization), quoted in Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi’, Intellectual origins of Islamic resurgence in the modern Arab world, SUNY series in Near Eastern studies (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996), p. 162.Google Scholar
  11. 15.
    Jamal Sankari, Fadlallah: the making of a radical Shi’ite leader (London: Saqi, 2005), p. 138.Google Scholar
  12. 17.
    See, for example, in this regard David Miller and Sohail H. Hashmi, Boundaries and justice: diverse ethical perspectives, The Ethikon series in comparative ethics (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2001).Google Scholar
  13. 18.
    Paul Berman, Terror and liberalism (New York: Norton, 2003), p. 77.Google Scholar
  14. 19.
    Sayyid Quṭb, Milestones, trans. M. M. Siddiqui (Indianapolis: American Trust, 1990), p. 76.Google Scholar
  15. 20.
    Samira Haj, Reconfiguring Islamic tradition: reform, rationality, and modernity (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2009), p. 94.Google Scholar
  16. 22.
    Charles Taylor, “Cross-purposes: the liberal-communitarian debate,” in Philosophical arguments, ed. Charles Taylor (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995), p. 165.Google Scholar
  17. 23.
    Chris Brown, “Universal human rights: A critique,” The International Journal of Human Rights 1, no. 2 (1997): p. 49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 24.
    William Shepard, “The development of the thought of Sayyid Qutb as reflected in earlier and later editions of ‘Social Justice in Islam’,” Die Welt des Islams 32 (1992), p. 17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 33.
    Charles C. Adams, Islam and modernism in Egypt; a study of the modern reform movement inaugurated by Muhammad Abduh (New York: Russell & Russell, 1968),p. 172.Google Scholar
  20. 38.
    Allen E. Buchanan, “Assessing the communitarian critique of liberalism,” Ethics 99, no. 4 (1989), p. 857.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 40.
    Michael J. Sandel, “The procedural republic and the unencumbered self,” Political Theory 12, no. 1 (1984), p. 90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 43.
    For Khomeini, see the previous chapter and Hamid Dabashi, Theology of discontent: the ideological foundation of the Islamic Revolution in Iran (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2006), p. 477. As regards Quṭb,Google Scholar
  23. see John Calvert, Sayyid Qutb and the origins of radical Islamism (New York: Columbia University Press, 2010), p. 208.Google Scholar
  24. 44.
    Muhammad ‘Abduh, The theology of unity (London,: Allen & Unwin, 1966), pp. 133–4.Google Scholar
  25. 49.
    This is a fundamental principle for Islamism in particular as we will see in the following chapters. Asef Bayat observes how this Islamic principles is in fact one of the most influential foundations of the Islamist political action. Asef Bayat, Post-Islamism: the changing faces of political Islam (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013), p. 5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 51.
    Euben, Enemy in the mirror, p. 123. See also Halliday’s review of Euben’s book for a constructive critical assessment of her analysis. Fred Halliday, “Book Review: Roxanne L. Euben, Enemy in the mirror,” Ethnic and Racial Studies 24, no. 6 (2001), pp. 1072–5.Google Scholar
  27. 54.
    Katerina Dalacoura, “A critique of communitarianism with reference to post-revolutionary Iran,” Review of International Studies 28, no. 01 (2002), pp. 75–92. Dalacoura’s discussion has been of central importance in developing the considerations presented in this and the following chapters.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Filippo Dionigi 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Filippo Dionigi

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations