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Islamist Critiques of Liberalism: ‘Abduh, Quṭb, al-Ṣadr, and Khomeini

  • Filippo Dionigi
Part of the Middle East Today book series (MIET)

Abstract

Liberalism has been subject to much criticism also in political theory debates outside the Western political context. Among the various instances of non-Western criticism, there is the case of Islamist political theory on which this study focuses. This is unsurprising; the processes of colonization, Westernization, and modernization to which Muslim majority societies in the Middle East have been subjected have facilitated the diffusion or imposition of liberal norms and institutions within this context. If liberalism has provoked critical reactions in the Western sociopolitical context (as seen in the previous chapter), it is then understandable that similar and even harsher reactions emerged in the intellectual field of Islamic thinking in the Middle East.

Keywords

Middle East Political Theory Muslim Community Muslim Brotherhood Islamic State 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    Roxanne Euben’s Enemy in the mirror is particularly relevant for this analysis. Euben consistently shows how Quṭb’s view of modernity and liberalism is similar to the communitarian discourse of thinkers such as Taylor, MacIntyre, Robert Bellah, and Daniel Bell among others. Roxanne Leslie Euben, Enemy in the mirror: Islamic fundamentalism and the limits of modern rationalism (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999), pp. 133–50. See also Jörg Friedrichs, “Global Islamism and world society,” Telos 2013, no. 163 (2013) and Filippo Dionigi, “Islamism as communitarianism: person, community and the problem of international norms in non-liberal theories,” Journal of International Political Theory 8, no. 1–2 (2012). Leonard Binder in Islamic Liberalism has made the opposite claim that Islamist theory has the potential of becoming a form of liberalism rather than communitarianism.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Filippo Dionigi 2014

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  • Filippo Dionigi

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