Advertisement

‘Islam Is Not a Culture’: Reshaping Muslim Publics for a Secular World

  • Katherine Pratt Ewing
Part of the Migration, Diasporas and Citizenship book series (MDC)

Abstract

Material objects such as the headscarf, practices such as broadcasting the call to prayer from loudspeakers on mosque minarets, and various categories such as ‘Salafi’ and ‘Sufi’ have become key symbols of cultural difference in controversies about the place of Muslims asminorities within Europe and North America. As symbols, they have taken on new layers of significance that go beyond the intentions of Muslims who engage with these objects, practices, and categories in their daily lives. For example, many pious Muslim women experience the headscarf only as a bodily practice to realise the will of God (Mahmood, 2005) and may be unaware of or downplay how the headscarf has been taken up as a polysemic symbol in political discourse.

Keywords

Muslim Woman Muslim Community Russell Sage Foundation Muslim Country Muslim World 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. Abd-Allah, U. F., 2013. ‘Islam and the Cultural Imperative.’ Islam and Civilisational Renewal (ICR), 1, pp. 10–26.Google Scholar
  2. Ahmad, A., 2010. ‘Explanation Is Not the Point: Domestic Work, Islamic Dawa and Becoming Muslim in Kuwait.’ The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology, 11(3–4), pp. 293–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ali, B., 2006. Video Blog #8 — Culture vs Islam. YouTube video. Uploaded July 21. Available at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GT3oliuCGU [Accessed 15 October 2013].
  4. Asad, T., 1993. ‘On Discipline and Humility in Medieval Christian Monasticism.’ In his: Genealogies of Religion: Discipline and Reasons of Power in Christianity and Islam. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 125–168.Google Scholar
  5. Asad, T., 2003. Formations of the Secular. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Balibar, E., 2013. Saeculum: Culture, Religion, Ideology. Paris: éditions Galilee.Google Scholar
  7. Bush, G. W., 2005. Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: George W. Bush, 2002: 1 January to 30 June 2002, Book 1. Office of the Federal Register. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  8. Calhoun, C., Juergensmeyer, M., and van Antwerpen, J. (eds), 2011. Rethinking Secularism. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Casanova, J., 2009. ‘The Secular and Secularisms.’ Social Research, 76(4), pp. 1049–1066.Google Scholar
  10. Cornell, V. J., 2002. ‘A Muslim to Muslims: Reflections after September 11.’ South Atlantic Quarterly, 101(2), pp. 325–336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ewing, K. P., 2000. ‘Legislating Religious Freedom: Muslim Challenges to the Relationship between “Church” and “State” in Germany and France.’ Theme issue, ‘The Free Exercise of Culture: How Free Is It? How Free Ought It to Be?’, Daedalus, 129(4), pp. 31–54.Google Scholar
  12. Ewing, K. P., 2006. ‘Between Cinema and Social Work: Diasporic Muslim Women and the (Dis)pleasures of Hybridity.’ Cultural Anthropology, 21(2), pp. 265–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ewing, K. P., 2008. Stolen Honor. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Ewing, K. P. and Hoyler, M. M., 2008. ‘Being and Belonging: Muslims in the United States since 9/11.’ In: Ewing, K. P. (ed.), Being and Belonging among U.S. Immigrants from Muslim Countries after September 11. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, pp. 80–104.Google Scholar
  15. Geertz, C., 1973. The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  16. Hermansen, M., 2009. ‘Cultural Worlds, Cultural Wars: Contemporary American Muslim Perspectives on the Role of Culture.’ Journal of Islamic Law and Culture, 11(3), pp. 185–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Huntington, S. P., 1993. ‘The Clash of Civilizations?’ Foreign Affairs, 72(3), pp. 22–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hurd, E. S., 2012. ‘Religion and Secularism.’ In: Devetak, R., Burke, A., and George, J. (eds), An Introduction to International Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 323–334.Google Scholar
  19. Hurd, E. S., 2012. ‘International Politics after Secularism.’ Review of International Studies, 38(05), pp. 943–961.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Jouili, J., 2009. ‘Negotiating Secular Boundaries: Pious Micro-Practices of Muslim Women in French and German Public Spheres.’ Social Anthropology, 17(4), pp. 445–470.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mahmood, S., 2005. Politics of Piety: The Islamic Revival and the Feminist Subject. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Mahmood, S., 2010. ‘Can Secularism be Other-wise?’ In: Warner, M., van Antwerpen, J. and Calhoun, C. (eds), Varieties of Secularism in A Secular Age. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, pp. 282–299.Google Scholar
  23. Mamdani, M., 2004. Good Muslim, Bad Muslim: America, the Cold War, and the Roots of Terror. New York City: Pantheon.Google Scholar
  24. Merry, S. E., 1988. ‘Legal Pluralism.’ Law and Society Review, 22(5), pp. 869–896.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Moosa, E., 2006. ‘Islamic Reform or Designer Fundamentalism?’ Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, 7(1), pp. 139–144.Google Scholar
  26. Moosa, E., 2013. ‘Brain, Mind, and Culture: Promptings from Muslim Theology.’ In: ‘Science and the Human Person’, Contending Modernities: A Blog about Catholic, Muslim, and Secular Interaction in the Modern World, University of Notre Dame. Available at: http://blogs.nd.edu/contendingmodernities/2013/04/11/brain-mind-and-culture-promptings-from-muslim-theology/[Accessed 30 October 2013].Google Scholar
  27. Nawawi Foundation, n.d. ‘Chairman of the Board — Dr. Umar Faruq Abd-Allah. Available at: http://www.nawawi.org/?page_id=79 [Accessed 14 October 2014].
  28. O’Sullivan, J., 2001. ‘If you Hate the West, Emigrate to a Muslim Country’. The Guardian. Sunday 7 October. Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2001/oct/08/religion.uk [Accessed 27 October 2013].Google Scholar
  29. Posner, R., 2002. The Problematics of Moral and Legal Theory. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.Google Scholar
  30. Ramadan, T., 2003. Western Muslims and the Future of Islam. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Ramadan, T., 2005. ‘Islam Allows Us to Integrate into Britain’s Shared National Culture.’ The Guardian, 20 January. Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2005/jan/21/islamandbritain.comment14 [Accessed 20 October 2013].Google Scholar
  32. Ramadan, T., 2009. Radical Reform: Islamic Ethics and Liberation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  33. Ramadan, T., 2010. ‘A Conversation with Tariq Ramadan.’ Pew Research Religion and Public Life Project. Available at: http://www.pewforum.org/2010/04/27/a-conversation-with-tariq-ramadan/[Accessed 20 October 2013].Google Scholar
  34. Ross, G., director, 1998. Pleasantville. 124 min. USA.Google Scholar
  35. Stocking, G. W. (ed.), 1996. Volksgeist as Method and Ethic: Essays on Boasian Ethnography and the German Anthropological Tradition. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar
  36. Taylor, C., 2007. A Secular Age. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. University of Cape Town, South Africa Blog. 2004. Post Entitled ‘identity Angst’, by Kamilah. Accessed 10 July 2004, no longer available.Google Scholar
  37. Werbner, P. and Modood, T., 1997 (eds). The Politics of Multiculturalism in the New Europe. London and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  38. Yilmaz, I., 2002. ‘The Challenge of Post-Modern Legality and Muslim Legal Pluralism in England.’ Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 28(2), pp. 343–354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Yuskaev, T. R., 2010. ‘The Qur’an Comes to America: Pedagogies of Muslim Collective Memory.’ PhD dissertation. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Religious Studies.Google Scholar
  40. Yusuf, H., 1996. ‘Shaykh Hamza Yusuf Talks about Sufism’ from Lecture ‘Changing out Condition.’ 1 January, Toronto. Uploaded by ChoiceMuslim, 26 January 2012. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dac1m8_599Y [Accessed 26 May 2015].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Katherine Pratt Ewing 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katherine Pratt Ewing

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations