Spaces of Confrontation and Defeat: The Spatial Dispossession of the Revolution in Tucumán, Argentina

  • Pamela Colombo
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Memory Studies book series (PMMS)


This is the story of a space that was lost; a space in rebellion that became a space of defeat. This story revolves around the space of the monte1 of Tucumán situated in the north of Argentina. There, on 9 February 1975, the so-called Operativo Independencia (Operation Independence) was launched with the aim of undertaking ‘all military operations deemed necessary in order to neutralize or annihilate any uprising of subversive elements operating in the province of Tucumán’ (Decree N261/75).2 The objective was, more specifically, to eliminate the rural guerrillas belonging to the armed wing of the Partido Revolucionario de los Trabajadores (Workers’ Revolutionary Party, PRT) the Ejército Revolucinario del Pueblo (the People’s Revolutionary Army — ERP) and break the ties that it had forged with workers’ and peasants’ movements.


Montane Forest Sugar Industry Military Operation Civilian Population State Violence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Belcher, Oliver. 2013. The Afterlives of Counterinsurgency: Postcolonialism, Military Social Science and Afghanistan, 2006–2012. Unpublished doctoral thesis in Geography, University of British Columbia.Google Scholar
  2. Brenner, Neil and Stuart Elden. 2009. ‘Henri Lefebvre on State, Space, Territory’. International Political Sociology, 3: 353–377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Carnovale, Vera. 2010. ‘La guerra revolucionaria del PRT-ERP’. Sociohistórica, 27: 41–75.Google Scholar
  4. Crenzel, Emilio. 2001. ‘Memorias enfrentadas. El voto a Bussi en Tucumán’., date accessed 15 January 2013.Google Scholar
  5. De Santis, Daniel, ed. 2010. La historia del PRT-ERP: por sus protagonistas. Capital Federal: A FORMAR FILAS Editora Guevarista.Google Scholar
  6. Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari. 2012. Mil Mesetas. Capitalismo y esquizofrenia. Valencia: Pre-Textos.Google Scholar
  7. Elden, Stuart. 2009. Terror and Territory: The Spatial Extent of Sovereignty. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  8. Foucault, Michel. 2013. Surveiller et punir. Naissance de la prison. Paris: Gallimard.Google Scholar
  9. Garaño, Santiago. 2012. Entre el cuartel y el monte. Soldados, militantes y militares durante el Operativo Independencia (Tucumán, 1975–1977). Unpublished doctoral thesis in Anthropology, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires.Google Scholar
  10. Gregory, Derek. 2004. The Colonial Present: Afghanistan, Palestine, Iraq. Oxford: Wiley- Blackwell Publishing.Google Scholar
  11. Harvey, David. 1990. The Condition of Postmodernity: An Enquiry into the Origins of Cultural Change. Malden: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  12. Harvey, David. 2003. ‘Accumulation by Dispossession’. In The New Imperialism, edited by David Harvey. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 137–182.Google Scholar
  13. Isla, Alejandro. 2007. ‘Disyuntivas de las memorias en el recuerdo y en las prácticas de la vida corriente’. El Cotidiano, 22 (145): 97–104.Google Scholar
  14. La Gaceta. 2010. ‘Una mujer de 86 años exige restitución de la sede la Municipalidad de Ganeros’. 21 October 2010., date accessed 15 March 2014.
  15. Lefebvre, Henri. 1991. The Production of Space, translated by Donald Nicholson-Smith. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.Google Scholar
  16. Oslender, Ulrich. 2006. ‘Des-territorialización y desplazamiento forzado en el Pací- fico colombiano: La construcción de “geografías de terror”’. In (Des)territorialidades y (No)lugares: Procesos de configuración y transformación del espacio social, edited by Diego Herrera Gómez and Carlo Emilio Piazzini Suárez. Medellín: La Carreta Editores.Google Scholar
  17. Said, Edward. 1979. Orientalism. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  18. Tenenbaum, Élie. 2010. ‘Les déplacements de populations comme outil de contre- insurrection: l’exemple du programme des hameaux stratégiques au sud-vietnam’. Guerres Mondiales et conflits contemporains, 3 (239): 119–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Tyner, James A. 2009. War, Violence, and Population: Making the Body Count. New York: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  20. Vilas, Adel. 1977. ‘Diario de Campaña. Tucumán: Enero a Diciembre de 1975’., date accessed 15 January 2014.Google Scholar
  21. Poder Ejecutivo. 1976. Ley N 4.530. 16 August 1976. San Miguel de Tucumán.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pamela Colombo 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pamela Colombo

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations