Advertisement

Imaginary Cities, Violence and Memory: A Literary Mapping

  • Gudrun Rath
Chapter
  • 258 Downloads
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Memory Studies book series (PMMS)

Abstract

Imaginary cities, cities which do not exist as concrete geographical places, enjoy a long tradition in the history of Latin America. Juan Rulfo’s eerie ghost town of Comala, which formed the setting for Pedro Páramo in 1955, is part of this tradition and stands alongside cities of unparalleled international repute, such as Macondo in Cien años de soledad (One Hundred Years of Solitude) by Gabriel García Márquez. The powerful reach of Macondo extended as far as the outskirts of Vienna, where its name was given to a housing estate inhabited by former refugees.1 The imaginary map of Latin America also contains such cities as Juan Carlos Onetti’s Santa María, which is located to the south of Buenos Aires and forms the common spatial context for his trilogy of novels La vida breve (A Brief Life), El astillero (The Shipyard) and Juntacadáveres (Body Snatcher), or Rodrigo Fresán’s Canciones Tristes, the city with no fixed position on the map. Of course, imaginary cities are not restricted exclusively to Latin America.2 As Mabel Moraña points out it is quite possible that, since its violent colonization, Latin America has been a locus of desire, a space that has conjured up not only utopias of a longed-for Arcadia, but also imaginary places of rejection which reveal more about the constitution of European societies at that particular time than about the so- called newly discovered continent (Moraña, 2006, p.32).

Keywords

Collective Memory Housing Estate Hegemonic Masculinity Visual Parameter Military Dictatorship 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Aínsa, Fernando. 2005. ‘Propuestas para una geopoética latinoamericana’. Archipielago, 13/50: 4–10.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, Benedict. 1991. Imagined Communities. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  3. Assmann, Aleida. 2001. ‘Speichern oder erinnern? Das kulturelle Gedächtnis zwis- chen Archiv und Kanon’. In Speicher des Gedächtnisses: Bibliotheken, Museen, Archive, edited by Moritz Csáky and Peter Stachel. Vienna: Passagen, 15–29. On-line at: Kakanien Revisited http://www.kakanien.ac.at/beitr/theorie/AAssmann1/, date accessed 1 March 2013.Google Scholar
  4. Augé, Marc. 1995. Non-Places: Introduction to an Anthropology of Supermodernity. London and New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  5. Bakhtin, Mikhail. 2008. Chronotopos, translated by M. Dewey. Berlin: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  6. Barriendos Rodríguez, Joaquín. 2009. ‘Kunst im Stadtraum und die Politisierung der imaginarios urbanos in lateinamerikanischen Groβstädten’. Symbolische Barrikaden. Bildpunkt, http://www.igbildendekunst.at/bildpunkt/2009/symbolischebarrikaden/rodriguez.htm, date accessed 1 October 2013.Google Scholar
  7. Bastos, Maria Luisa and Silvia Molloy. 1977. ‘La estrella junto a la luna: variantes de la figura materna en Pedro Páramo’. MLN, 92/2: 246–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Baudrillard, Jean. 1978. Kool Killer oder der Aufstand der Zeichen, translated by Hans- Joachim Metzger. Berlin: Merve.Google Scholar
  9. Becerra, Eduardo. 1991. ‘Santa María de Onetti: Autodestrucción y ficción literaria’. Anales de literatura hispanoamericana, 20: 219–241. On-line at: revistas.ucm.es/fll/02104547/articulos/ALHI9191110219A.PDF, date accessed 1 March 2013.Google Scholar
  10. Berg, Edgardo H. 2009. ‘Los relatos de la ciudad: papeles de trabajo’. Espéculo: Revista de Estudios Literarios, 42. On-line at: https://pendientedemigracion.ucm.es/info/especulo/numero42/relaciud.html, date accessed 1 March 2013.Google Scholar
  11. Bergero, Andrea. 2002. ‘Desindustrialización, espacio global y gestión colectiva en Insomnio de Marcelo Cohen’. Hispamerica, 31/93: 35–47.Google Scholar
  12. Bolaño, Roberto. 2005 (2004). 2666. Barcelona: Anagrama.Google Scholar
  13. Butor, Michel. 1992. Die Stadt als Text. Graz et al: Literaturverlag Droschl.Google Scholar
  14. Campra, Rosalba. 1994. ‘La ciudad en el discurso literario’. SYC, 5: 19–39.Google Scholar
  15. Cánovas, Rodrigo. 2009. ‘Fichando “La parte de los crímenes”, de Roberto Bolaño, incluido en su libro postumo 2666’. Anales de la literatura chilena, 10/11: 241–249. On-line at: http://analesliteraturachilena.cl/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/a11_14.pdf, date accessed 1 March 2013.Google Scholar
  16. Castoriadis, Cornelius. 1994. ‘Radical Imagination and the Social Instituting Imaginary’. In Rethinking Imagination: Culture and Creativity, edited by Gillian Robinson and John Rundell. London: Routledge, 136–154.Google Scholar
  17. Certeau, Michel. 2006. ‘Praktiken im Raum’. In Raumtheorie. Grundlagentexte aus Philosophie und Kulturwissenschaften, edited by Jörg Dünne and Stephan Günzel. Frankfurt a.M.: Suhrkamp, 343–353.Google Scholar
  18. Chiani, Miriam. 2001. ‘Represión, exilio, utopía y contrautopía: Sobre Marcelo Cohen’. Orbis Tertius, 4. On-line at: http://www.orbistertius.unlp.edu.ar/numeros/numero-8/articulos/01-chiani, date accessed 1 October 2013.Google Scholar
  19. Cohen, Marcelo. 1986. Insomnio. Barcelona: Muchnik Editores.Google Scholar
  20. Copertari, Gabriela. 2009. Desintegración y justicia en el cine argentino contemporáneo. Woodbridge: Támesis.Google Scholar
  21. Dünne, Jörg. 2008. ‘Entre compositio loci y fotografía: Juan Rulfo y las ima- genes’. In Ficciones de los medios en la periferia. Técnicas de comunicacioìn en la literatura hispanoamericana moderna, edited by Wolfram Nitsch, Matei Chihaia and Alejandra Torres. Köln, Universitäts- und Stadtbibliothek Köln (Kölner elektronische Schriftenreihe, 1), 85–98.Google Scholar
  22. Foucault, Michel. 2006. ‘Von anderen Räumen’. In Raumtheorie. Grundlagentexte aus Philosophie und Kulturwissenschaften, edited by Jörg Dünne and Stephan Günzel. Frankfurt a.M.: Suhrkamp, 317–329.Google Scholar
  23. Franco, Jean. 1997. ‘The Nation as Imagined Community’. Cultural Politics, 11: 130–140.Google Scholar
  24. García Canclini, Néstor. 1999. Imaginarios urbanos. Buenos Aires: Eudeba.Google Scholar
  25. García Márquez, Gabriel. 1971. Cien años de soledad. Buenos Aires: Editorial Sudamericana.Google Scholar
  26. Gorelik, Adrián. 2002. ‘Imaginarios urbanos e imaginación urbana: Para un recorrido por los lugares comunes de los estudios culturales urbanos’. EURE (Santiago), 28/83: 125–136.Google Scholar
  27. Grimson, Alejandro. 2007. ‘Migration: The Experience of Argentina’. In Cultures and Globalization: Conflicts and Tensions, edited by Helmut Anheier and Yudhishthir Raj Isar. Wiltshire: Sage, 264–271.Google Scholar
  28. Harvey, David. 2012. Rebel Cities: From the Right to the City to the Urban Revolution. New York: Verso Books.Google Scholar
  29. Heffes, Gisela. 2008. Las ciudades imaginarias en la literatura latinoamericana. Rosario: Beatriz Viterbo.Google Scholar
  30. Jagdmann, Anna. 2006. ‘Diario del hallazgo del mapa de Macondo. Santafé de Bogotá, 19 a 25 de septiembre de 2003’. Revista de Crítica Literaria Latinoamericana, 32/63–64: 283–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Kozak, Claudia. 1998. ‘Ciudades bajo palabra. Literatura y memoria en el fin de siglo’. http://www.celarg.org/int/arch_publi/kosakb6.pdf, date accessed 1October 2013.Google Scholar
  32. Kozak, C. 2004. Contra la pared. Sobre grafitis, pintadas y otras intervenciones urbanas. Buenos Aires: Libros del Rojas.Google Scholar
  33. Lefebvre, Henri. 2006. ‘Die Produktion des Raums’. In Raumtheorie. Grundlagentexte aus Philosophie und Kulturwissenschaften, edited by Jörg Dünne and Stephan Günzel. Frankfurt a.M.: Suhrkamp, 330–342.Google Scholar
  34. Lindón, Alicia. 2007. ‘Diálogo con Néstor García Canclini¿ ‘Qué son los imaginarios y cómo actúan en la ciudad?’. Eure, 33/99: 89–99.Google Scholar
  35. Logie, I. 2008. ‘Avatares de un mito: manifestaciones del apocalipsis en la literatura rioplatense contemporánea: el caso de Insomnio de Marcelo Cohen’. In Les sujets contemporains et leurs mythes en Espagne et en Amérique Latine, edited by P. Petrich, J. Premat, M. Llombart. Paris: Paris 8 Université, 1–10. On-line at: http://www.cervantesvirtual.com/obra/avatares-de-un-mito-manifestaciones-del-apocalipsis-en-la-literatura-contempornea-rioplatense-el-caso-de-insomnio-de-marcelo-cohen-0/, date accessed 1 October 2013.Google Scholar
  36. Martín, Marina. 2001. ‘Espacio urbano y espacio “psíquico” en Juan Rulfo’. Revista Hispánica Moderna, 54/1: 126–139.Google Scholar
  37. Molloy, Silvia. 1999. ‘Flâneries textuales: Borges, Benjamin y Baudelaire’. Variaciones Borges, 8. http://www.borges.pitt.edu/bsol/documents/0803.pdf, date accessed 1 March 2013.Google Scholar
  38. Moraña, Mabel. 2006. ‘Latin American Cultural Studies: When, Where, Why?’ In Debating Hispanic Studies: Reflections on Our Disciplines, edited by Luis Martín- Estudillo, Francisco Ocampo and Nicholas Spadaccini. Hispanic Issues On Line: 1 (Fall 2006). http://spanport.cla.umn.edu/publications/HispanicIssues/hispanic-issues-online/hispanic, date accessed I October 2013.Google Scholar
  39. Onetti, Juan Carlos. 1950. La vida breve. Buenos Aires: Sudamericana.Google Scholar
  40. Quintana, Isabel. 2004. ‘Topografías urbanas de fin de siglo: Las formas de la mirada en la literatura mexicana’. Revista de Crítica Literaria Latinoamericana, 30/59: 249–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Rama, Angel. 1998 (1984). La ciudad letrada. Montevideo: Arca.Google Scholar
  42. Reati, Fernando. 2006. Postales del porvenir: la literatura de anticipación en la Argentina neoliberal (1985–1999). Buenos Aires: Editorial Biblos.Google Scholar
  43. Romero, José Luis. 1976. Latinoamérica: las ciudades y las ideas. México, Madrid and Buenos Aires: Siglo Veintiuno Editores.Google Scholar
  44. Ta, Beatrix. 2007. Von Städten des Realen zu Städten des Imaginären. Entwicklungstendenzen im hispanoamerikanischen Stadtroman des 20. Jahrhunderts. München: Martin Meidenbauer.Google Scholar
  45. Villoro, Juan. 2007. ‘Lección de arena: “Pedro Páramo” ‘. On-line at: http://www.casamerica.es/txt/casa-de-america-madrid/agenda/literatura/ciudades-imaginadas/leccion-de-arena-pedro-paramo, date accessed 1 March 2013.Google Scholar
  46. Zuluaga, Conrado. 2004/2007. ‘Macondo, geografía y novela’. On-line at: http://www.casamerica.es/txt/casa-de-america-madrid/agenda/literatura/ciudades-imaginadas/macondo-geografia-y-novela, date accessed 1 March 2013.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Gudrun Rath 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gudrun Rath

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations