Advertisement

Conclusion Memory and the Future: Beyond Pathology

  • Alison Ribeiro de Menezes

Abstract

Throughout this study of cultural memory in contemporary Spain, I have emphasized the role of imagination, of affective and empathic engagement with the past, and of reaching out toward the perspectives of the Other, while at the same time arguing that an obsessively backward focus—whether conceived of as trauma or nostalgia—should not prevail at the expense of a more hopeful, forward-looking gaze. Nevertheless, this begs the question, is what I am proposing merely a hopeful, even utopian aspiration?

Keywords

Cultural Memory Respectful Acknowledgement Real Academia Utopian Aspiration Utopian Thinking 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    An excellent summary is to be found in Jeffrey C. Alexander, “‘Globalization’ as Collective Representation: The New Dream of a Cosmopolitan Civil Sphere,” in Globalization and Utopia: Critical Essays, ed. Patrick Hayden and Chamsy el-Ojeili (Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 1988 ).Google Scholar
  2. See also Enrique Dussel, Ethics of Liberation in the Age of Globalization and Exclusion, trans. E. Mendietta, Camilo Pérez Bustillo, Yolanda Angulo, and Nelson Maldonado-Torres ( Durham: Duke University Press, 2013 ) xx.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 2.
    Zygmunt Bauman, A Life in Fragments: Essays in Postmodern Morality ( Oxford: Blackwell, 1995 ), 192.Google Scholar
  4. 3.
    Ulrick Beck, Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity ( London: Sage, 1992 ).Google Scholar
  5. Interestingly, Isaac Rosa has moved on to examine the existence of a society based on fear in El país del miedo ( Barcelona: Seix Barral, 2008 ).Google Scholar
  6. 4.
    Paul Gilroy, Postcolonial Melancholia ( New York: Columbia University Press, 2005 ), 5.Google Scholar
  7. 5.
    Ruth Levitas, “The Imaginary Reconstitution of Society, or Why Sociologists and Others Should Take Utopia More Seriously,” Inaugural Lecture, University of Bristol, October 24, 2005. http://www.bristol.ac.uk/spais/files/inaugural.pdf.Google Scholar
  8. 7.
    Paul Ricoeur, History, Memory, Forgetting ( Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004 ), 487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 8.
    Hannah Arendt, The Human Condition ( Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1958 ), 237.Google Scholar
  10. 11.
    Jo Labanyi, “The Languages of Silence: Historical Memory, Generational Transmission and Witnessing in Contemporary Spain,” Journal of Romance Studies 9, no. 3 (2009): 23–35. (here 32). The silencing of Republican memory did not end with the Regime of course; an English-language guidebook that I purchased on visiting the Valle in July 1987 does not mention the war at all, leaving the structure entirely devoid of historical context. For a survey of the monument’s history and a discussion of the lack of tourist explanations, seeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Patricia Keller, “The Valley, the Monument, and the Tomb: Notes on the Place of Historical Memory,” Hispanic Issues Online 11 (2102): 65–86. http://hispanicissues.umn.edu/assets/doc/04_KELLER.pdf.Google Scholar
  12. 14.
    Francisco Ferrándiz, “Guerras sin fin,” Política y Sociedad 48, no. 3 (2011): 490;Google Scholar
  13. Katherine Verdery, The Political Lives of Dead Bodies: Reburial and Postsocialist Change ( New York: Columbia University Press, 1999 ). I am not convinced that Ferrándiz’s labeling of the Valle as an anachronistic monument (“Guerras sin fin,” 485) is entirely helpful in appreciating its shifting position within the dynamic field of Spanish memory debates, although I appreciate his focus on the changing relationship between state patrimony and memory, as well as his concern for the broader global context in which Spain’s efforts of exhumation are currently being conducted.Google Scholar
  14. 20.
    For a discussion of these, see Michael Imort, “Stumbling Blocks: A Decentralized Memorial to Holocaust Victims,” in Memorialization in Germany since 1945, ed. Bill Niven and Chloe Paver ( New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010 ), 233–42. (here 233).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Alison Ribeiro de Menezes 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alison Ribeiro de Menezes

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations