Conclusion: The Current Crisis in Capitalism and the Role of Education

  • Mike Cole
Part of the Marxism and Education book series (MAED)


Capitalism as a failed and thoroughly volatile and unstable social system is there for all to see, especially in its current crisis. That capitalism is inherently destabilizing was recognized by Marx and Engels a century and a half ago:

The bourgeoisie cannot exist without constantly revolutionising the instruments of production, and thereby the relations of production, and with them the whole relations of society. Conservation of the old modes of production in unaltered form, was, on the contrary, the first condition of existence for all earlier industrial classes. Constant revolutionising of production, uninterrupted disturbance of all social conditions, everlasting uncertainty and agitation distinguish the bourgeois epoch from all earlier ones. All fixed, fast-frozen relations, with their train of ancient and venerable prejudices and opinions, are swept away, all new-formed ones become antiquated before they can ossify. All that is solid melts into air, all that is holy is profaned. (Marx and Engels, [1847]1977, p. 38)


Current Crisis Unstable Social System Global South Communist Manifesto Basic Public Service 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bartolovich, C. (2002), “Introduction,” in Bartolovich C. and Lazarus, N. (eds.), Marxism, Modernity and Postcolonial Studies, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cole, M. (2011), Racism and Education in the U.K. and the US.: Towards a Socialist Alternative, New York and London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hill, D. (2012), “Immiseration Capitalism, Activism and Education: Resistance, Revolt and Revenge,” Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies 10(2),–2-01.pdf
  4. Martinez, C., Fox, M. and Farrell, J. (2010), Venezuela Speaks: Voices from the Grassroots, Oakland, CA: PM Press.Google Scholar
  5. Marx, K. and Engels, F. ([1847]1977), “The Communist Manifesto,” in Marx, K. and Engels, F., Selected Works in One Volume, London: Lawrence and Wishart.Google Scholar
  6. San Juan Jr., E (2010), “Foreword” to Kelsh, D., Hill, D. and Macrine, S. (eds.), Class in Education: Knowledge, Pedagogy, Subjectivity, London and NewYork: Routledge.Google Scholar
  7. Sartre, J. P. (1960), The Search for Method (1st Part). Introduction to Critique of Dialectical Reason, Scholar
  8. Shaoul, J. (2012), “Cuts Push UK Workers’ Living Standards Back 30 Years,” World Socialist website, March 12, Scholar

Copyright information

© Sara C. Motta and Mike Cole 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mike Cole

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations