Locating Burma

  • Stephen L. Keck
Part of the Britain and the World book series (BAW)


Most obviously, British Burma (which included the Shan states) was part of the Indian empire. British Burma—a term which had been first used for the provinces that Britain had acquired during the first two Anglo-Burmese Wars—actually combined Lower Burma and Upper Burma. Lower Burma became the term for what had once been ‘British Burma’ (which included the Mon state, Arakan, Tenasserim, the Irrawaddy delta and Pegu) while Upper Burma came to signify the recently conquered Konbaung entity. However, increasingly as the 19th century came to a close British sources referred to ‘Burma’.


Immigrant Community Rail Transport British Rule Indian Empire British Writer 
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  1. 1.
    Charles Crosthwaite, K.C.S.I., The Pacification of Burma (London: Edwin Arnold, 1912), p. 3.Google Scholar
  2. 5.
    W.S Thom and Colonel Pollock, Wild Sports of Burma and Assam (London: Hurst and Blackett, Ltd, 1900), p. 229.Google Scholar
  3. 24.
    James C. Scott. The Art of Not Being Governed: An Anarchist History of Upland Southeast Asia (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2009).Google Scholar
  4. 25.
    Nalini Ranjan Chakravarti, The Indian Minority in Burma: The Rise and Decline of an Immigrant Community (London and New York: Oxford University Press, 1971).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Stephen L. Keck 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen L. Keck
    • 1
  1. 1.Emirates Diplomatic AcademyUnited Arab Emirates

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