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Pre-History: Meeting the Need for Science Advice to the U.S. Congress

  • Peter D. Blair
Chapter
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Part of the Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy book series (STIPOL)

Abstract

In 1958, in the wake of the 1957 Soviet launch of Sputnik, the House of Representatives formed a new Subcommittee on Science, Research and Development (SRD), which was the first dedicated group in Congress charged specifically with examining the broad implications of science and technology development and related science policies of the U.S. Government. The SRD coined the term technology assessment to describe the means of informing the Congress of the potential undesirable effects of new technology. For over a decade proposals were considered to establish a mechanism for providing science and technology advice to Congress, which ultimately culminated in passage of the Technology Assessment Act of 1972, signed into law by President Nixon on October 13, 1972, creating OTA.

Keywords

Technology Assessment Science Advice Legislative Proposal Legislative Branch Vice Chair 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 3.
    Vernon L. Ferwerda, “The Office of Technology Assessment: Congress Creates an Institution for Social Impact Evaluation,” Center for Technology Assessment, International Society for Technology Assessment, Documentation Series, No. 1, Troy, NY: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 1976, p.1.Google Scholar
  2. 5.
    Congressional Record, U.S. Senate, August 13, 1963, pp. 14809–14810 and summarized in Gregory C. Kunkle, “New Challenge or the Past Revisited? The Office of Technology Assessment in Historical Context,” Technology in Society, Vol. 17, No. 2, 1995, pp. 175–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  7. 11.
    National Academy of Engineering, “A Study of Technology Assessment,” Committee on Public Engineering Policy, Prepared for Committee on Science and Astronautics, U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, DC: Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1969, p. i.Google Scholar
  8. 16.
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  10. 20.
    U.S. House of Representatives, “Technology Assessment,” Committee on Science and Astronautics, Subcommittee on Science, Research and Development, 91st Congress, First Session, Washington, DC: Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1970.Google Scholar
  11. 22.
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  12. 24.
    Harvey Brooks, “The Future of OTA,” (unpublished), submitted to Office of Technology Assessment, November 1, 1987, 19 pp.Google Scholar
  13. 25.
    John W. Davis, “Office of Technology Assessment for the Congress,” Hearing before the Subcommittee on Computer Services of the Committee on Rules and Administration, Statement of Hon. John W. Davis, a U.S. Representative from the State of Georgia on S. 2302 and H.R. 10243, 92nd Congress, March 2, 1972.Google Scholar
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    Gordon Allott, “Office of Technology Assessment for the Congress,” Hearing before the Subcommittee on Computer Services of the Committee on Rules and Administration, Statement of Hon. Gordon Allott, A U.S. Senator from the State of Colorado on S. 2302 and H.R. 10243, 92nd Congress, March 2, 1972.Google Scholar

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© Peter D. Blair 2013

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  • Peter D. Blair

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