Tackling Southern Turbulence: Mexico’s Immigration Problems and Multi-centric Response
- 42 Downloads
The end of the twentieth century was one of significant changes for Mexico, not only as it began its transition to a democratic political system, but also because it did so while struggling to keep up with the economic and demographic effects of a continuously globalizing and competitive world. Although such effects—poverty and crime—are felt throughout Mexico, the situation in its southern border region serves to highlight Mexico’s regional multi-centric versus a state-centric response as it collaborates with a variety of actors as a coping mechanism.1 Through this multi-centric response—by which numerous actors, institutions, and processes interact in a complex and nonlinear manner2—the Mexican state takes advantage of a rise in domestic and international actors, yet it also continues to retain its sovereignty as a state.
KeywordsCivil Society Civil Society Organization Southern Border Civil Society Actor Government Accountability Office
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Agendas Ciudadanas. Seguridad, derechos humanos, fortalecimiento de la sociedad civil, migración [Citizen Agendas. Security, Human Rights, Civil Society Strengthening, Migration]. Mexico City, Mexico: MC Editores, 2007.Google Scholar
- Andreas, Peter. “The Transformation of Migrant Smuggling across the U.S.-Mexican Border.” In Global Human Smuggling Comparative Perspectives, edited by David Kyle and Rey Koslowski, ch. 4. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.Google Scholar
- Border Crossing Card (BCC) page. 2009. United States Department of State. Accessed May 6, 2008. http://travel.state.gov/visa/temp/types/types_1266.html.
- Border Security: Improvements in the Department of State’s Development Process Could Increase the Security of Passport Cards and Border Crossing Cards, Government Accountability Office Report to Congressional Requesters, GAO-10–589. Accessed October 25, 2012. http://www.gao.gov/assets/310/305134.pdf.
- Castillo, M. A. “Understanding Mexico’s Southern Border: Migration, Integration and Security in the Mexico-Guatemala Border.” Presentation at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Washington, DC, October 2, 2006. Accessed September 19, 2009. http://csis.org/files/media/csis/events/061002_castillo_presentation.pdf.Google Scholar
- —. “Mexico—Guatemala Border: New Control of Transborder Migrations in View of Recent Integration Schemes?” Frontera Norte 15.29 (January–June 2003).Google Scholar
- —, “Central American Immigrants Seek Rights in Mexico.” Chicago Tribune, May 1, 2008. http://www.azcentral.com/news/articles/2008/05/01/20080501mexico-immig0501-ON.html.
- Flores, Gerardo. “Depende Guatemala de materia prima Chapaneca: Afirma lider de comerciantes Chiapines.” Diario Del Sur October 3, 2009. http://www.oem.com.mx/diariodelsur/notas/n1348713.htm.
- Future of civil society in Mexico. Global Business Network. CA: The David and Lucile Packard Foundation, 2002.Google Scholar
- Franco, Luciano. “Reclama Margarita Zavala dar trato humanitario a migrantes” [Margarita Zavala Demands that Migrants Be Treated Humanely] Crónica de Hoy. Today’s Chronicle, October 23, 2008. http://www.cronica.com.mx/notas/2008/393062.html
- García, M. C. Seeking Refuge: Central American Migration to Mexico, the United States and Canada. Berkley: University of California Press, 2006.Google Scholar
- González-Murphy, Laura Valeria. Protecting Immigrant Rights in Mexico: Understanding the State-Civil Society Nexus. London: Routledge, 2013.Google Scholar
- —. “Change and Continuity in Mexico’s Immigration Policy: How Civil Society Organizations Influence the Policy Process.” PhD diss., State University of New York at Albany, United States, 2009.Google Scholar
- INM Comunicación Social. Versión de la Entrevista a la Comisionada del Instituto Nacional de Migración de la Secretaría de Gobernación, Cecilia Romero, Realizada en esta Dependencia, México D.F. 15 de Enero [National Migration Institute of the Ministry of the Interior, Cecilia Romero, conducted in the Institute, Mexico City]. January 15, 2008. Mexico: INM.Google Scholar
- —. Versión Etnográfica de las Palabras de Cecilia Romero Castillo, Comisionada del Instituto Nacional de Migración, en el Marco del Festival de Comunidades Extranjeras que se Realiza en Querétaro, México D.F. 20 de Mayo, 2008. [Social comunique ethnográphic version of the presentation made by the National Commissioner of Migration, Cecilia Romero Castillo, during the Festival of Foreign Communities that took place in Queretaro Mexico City]. May 20, 2008. Mexico: INM.Google Scholar
- INM Noticias. “La obra conviene a México, dice SCT: se controlará el flujo migratorio y se mejorará la seguridad en la zona.” [“The Project benefits Mexico, says the SCT: The migration flow will be controlled and the security in the area will improve.”] September 9, 2008.Google Scholar
- —, “International Cooperation to Prevent and Combat Criminal Actions Committed by Organized Transnational Crime Against Migrants”. Foreign Ministry [Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores]. Seminar-Workshop on Human Rights of Migrants. Tegucigalpa, Honduras, February 10–11, 2011.Google Scholar
- Kimball, A. “The Transit State: A Comparative Analysis of Mexican and Moroccan Immigration Policies.” Working Paper, June 2007. San Diego: University of California, Center for Iberian and Latin American Studies and Center for Comparative Immigration Studies.Google Scholar
- Monteforte Toledo, M. La Frontera Móvil [The Mobile Border]. Guatemala: Autonomous University of Mexico-United Nations-Ministry of Culture and Sports, 1997.Google Scholar
- Navaer, L. E. V. “Digital Immigration Card Shows Mexico’s Progressive Views on Immigration.” New America Media. (January 14, 2009). Once Noticias (October 5, 2009).Google Scholar
- Ortiz Monasterio, L. “Guatemalan Refugees in Mexico: A Happy Ending.” Organization of American States (OAS), Department of International Legal Affairs. http://www.oas.org/juridico/english/ortize.html.
- Porter, E. “Illegal Immigrants Are Bolstering Social Security with Billions.” The New York Times, April 5, 2005. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9803EEDD1F3FF936A35757C0A9639C8B63.
- SEGOB. Cultura Política y Participación Ciudadana en México Antes y Despuésdel 2006 [Political Culture and Citizen Participation Before and After 2006]. México, DF: Secretaría de Gobernación [Secretary of the Interior], 2007.Google Scholar
- Stalker, Peter. Workers without Frontiers: The Impact of Globalization on International Migration. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2000.Google Scholar
- United Nations Development Programme. Human Development Reports: Country Tables: 2007/2008 Reports. http://hdrstats.undp.org/countries.
- US Congress. Government Accountability Office. Border Security: Improvements in the Department of State’s Development Process Could Increase the Security of Passport Cards and Border Crossing Cards. Report, GAO-10–589. Accessed October 25, 2012. http://www.gao.gov/assets/310/305134.pdf.Google Scholar