Advertisement

Ephemeral Masculinities? Tracking Men, Partners and Fathers in the Geography of Family Holidays

  • Rosalina Costa
Chapter
  • 178 Downloads
Part of the Genders and Sexualities in the Social Sciences book series (GSSS)

Abstract

Whereas holidays commonly represent leisure time away from work (for adults) or school (for children), family holidays seem to evoke a more complicated picture. Significantly, the notion of a holiday as a time ‘without the watch’ (Daly, 1996), where there is no need to manage family schedules linking house-school-work, is particularly heuristic. Additionally, the physical and/or psychological distance from the world of paid work helps to foster aspirations of an increased chance of absolute and unconditional enjoyment for parents and children being together. Parents recognise that the short time they spend during the year with children may somehow be filled by the investment in a holiday time together (Gillis, 2000). Even though children have other opportunities for holidays (e.g., with the grandparents or in summer camps), the possibility of enjoying quality time together is perceived as a temporary opportunity, almost ephemeral, to be the family that the constraints of the daily life do not allow.

Keywords

Female Partner Family Practice Heterosexual Couple Gender Division Tourism Research 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aboim, S. (2010) ‘Gender cultures and the division of labour in contemporary Europe: A cross-national perspective’, The Sociological Review, 58(2): 171–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aitchison, C. (2001) ‘Gender and leisure research: The ‘codification of knowledge’, Leisure Sciences, 23(1): 1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Almeida, A. N. and Vieira, M. M. (2006) A Escola em Portugal — Novos Olhares, Outros Cenários. Lisboa: ICS.Google Scholar
  4. Bardin, L. (1977) L’Analyse de Contenu. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.Google Scholar
  5. Bjornholt, M. and Farstad, G. R. (2012) ‘Am I rambling?: On the advantages of interviewing couples together’, Qualitative Research, September 2012.Google Scholar
  6. Bossard, J. H. S. and Boll, E. (1950) Ritual in Family Living — A Contemporary Study. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
  7. Bryman, A. (2004) The Disneyization of Society. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  8. Carr, N. (2011) Children’s and Families’ Holiday Experiences. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  9. Coltrane, S. (1998) Gender and Families. London: Pine Forge Press.Google Scholar
  10. Costa, R. (2011) Pequenos e Grandes Dias: Os Rituais na Construçâo da Família Contemporânea. PhD Thesis in Social Sciences — specialization ‘General Sociology’. University of Lisbon: Institute of Social Sciences of the University of Lisbon (ICS-UL). http://hdl.handle.net/10451/4770.Google Scholar
  11. Cross, G. (2004) ‘Just for kids: How holidays became child centered’, in A. Etzioni and J. Bloom (eds) We Are What We Celebrate — Understanding Holidays and Rituals. New York: New York University Press, pp. 151–64.Google Scholar
  12. Daly, K. J. (1996) Families and Time — Keeping Pace in a Hurried Culture. Thousand Oaks: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dermott, E. (2008) Intimate Fatherhood: A Sociological Analysis. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Durkheim, É. (1912) Les Formes Élémentaires de la Vie Religieuse. Le Système Totémique en Australie. Paris: Les Presses Universitaires de France.Google Scholar
  15. Etzioni, A. and J. Bloom (eds) (2004) We Are What We Celebrate — Understanding Holidays and Rituals. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Fiese, B. H. (2006) Family Routines and Rituals. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Flick, U. (1997) ‘The episodic interview: Small-scale narratives as an approach to relevant experiences’, Series Paper, London. Available at: http://www2.lse.ac.uk/methodologyInstitute/pdf/QualPapers/Flick-episodic.pdf (accessed 29 October 2010).Google Scholar
  18. Flick, U. (1998) An Introduction to Qualitative Research. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  19. Gillis, J. R. (1996) A World of their Own Making. Myth, Ritual, and the Quest for Family Values. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Gillis, J. R. (2000) ‘Our Virtual Families: Toward a Cultural Understanding of Modern Family Life’, The Emory Center for Myth and Ritual in American Life — Working Paper, 2. Rutgers University/Department of History. http://www.marial.emory.edu/pdfs/Gillispaper.PDF.Google Scholar
  21. Glaser, B. G. and Strauss, A. L. (1967) The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  22. Graburn, N. (1989) ‘Tourism: The sacred journey’, in V. L. Smith (ed.) Hosts and Guests: The Anthropology of Tourism. University Of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, pp. 17–23.Google Scholar
  23. Graburn, N. (2001) ‘Secular ritual: A general theory of tourism’, in V. L. Smith and M. Brent (eds) Hosts and Guests Revisited: Tourism Issues in the 21st Century. New York: Cognizant Communications Corporation, pp. 42–50.Google Scholar
  24. Gram, M. (2005) ‘Family holidays. A qualitative analysis of family holiday experiences’, Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, 5(1): 2–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Haldrup, M. and Larsen, J. (2003) ‘The family gaze’, Tourist Studies, 3: 23–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Harrington, M. (2006) ‘Family leisure’, in C. Rojek, S. Shaw, and A. Veal (eds), A Handbook of Leisure Studies. Houndsmills: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 417–32.Google Scholar
  27. Hilbrecht, M., Shaw, S. M., Johnson, L. C. and Andrey, J. (2008) ‘“I’m home for the kids”: Contradictory implications for work-life balance of teleworking mothers’, Gender, Work and Organization, 15(5): 454–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Holden, A. (2005) Tourism Studies and the Social Sciences. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  29. IEFP (2001) Classificação Nacional de Profissões — versão 1994, 2nd ed. Lisboa: IEFP.Google Scholar
  30. Imber-Black, E. and Roberts, J. (1993) Rituals for Our Times: Celebrating, Healing and Changing our Lives and Our Relationships. New York: Harper Perennial.Google Scholar
  31. Jackson, B. (2012) Fatherhood. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  32. Jeanes, R. (2010) ‘Seen but not heard? Examining children’s voices in leisure and family research’, Leisure/Loisir, 34(3): 243–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kaufmann, J.-C. (1997) Le Coeur à l’ouvrage — Théorie de l’action Ménagère. Paris: Édition Nathan.Google Scholar
  34. Lindsey, L. L. (2011) Gender Roles: A Sociological Perspective. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson.Google Scholar
  35. Marshment, M. (1997) ‘Gender takes a holiday: Representation in holiday brochures’, in M. Thea Sinclair (ed.), Gender, Work and Tourism. London: Routledge, pp. 15–32.Google Scholar
  36. Montandon, C. and Perrenoud, P. (2001) Entre Pais e Professores: Um Diálogo Impossível? Oeiras: Celta.Google Scholar
  37. Morgan, D. H. J. (1996) Family Connections — An Introduction to Family Studies. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  38. Morgan, D. H. J. (1999) ‘Risk and family practices: Accounting for change and fluidity in family life’, in E. B. Silva and C. Smart (eds) The New Family? London: Sage, pp. 13–30.Google Scholar
  39. Morgan, D. H. J. (2011) Rethinking Family Practices. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Obrador, P. (2012) ‘The place of the family in tourism research: Domesticity and thick sociality by the pool’, Annals of Tourism Research, 39(1): 401–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Oechsle, M., Müller, U. and Hess, S. (eds.) (2012) Fatherhood in Late Modernity: Cultural Images, Social Practices, Structural Frames. Opladen: Verlag Barbara Budrich.Google Scholar
  42. Pires, Á. (1997) ‘Échantillonnage et recherche qualitative: Essai théorique et méthodologique’, in J. Dans Poupart et al. (eds) Enjeux Épistémologiques et Méthodologiques. Montreal: Gaëtan Morin, pp. 113–67.Google Scholar
  43. Prout, A. (2005) The Future of Childhood. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Schänzel, H. A. (2010) Family Time and Own Time on Holiday: Generation, Gender, and Group Dynamic Perspectives from New Zealand, PhD thesis in Philosophy in Tourism Management, Victoria University of Wellington.Google Scholar
  45. Schänzel, H. A. and Smith, K. A. (2011) ‘The absence of fatherhood: Achieving true gender scholarship in family tourism research’, Annals of Leisure Research, 14: 143–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Schänzel, H., Yeoman, I. and Backer, E. (eds.) (2012) Family Tourism: Multidisciplinary Perspectives. Bristol: Channel View Publications.Google Scholar
  47. Segalen, M. (1998) Rites et Rituels Contemporains. Nathan: Paris.Google Scholar
  48. Shaw, S. (2008) ‘Family leisure and changing ideologies of parenthood’, Sociology Compass, 2: 688–703.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Sinclair, M. T. (1997) ‘Issues and theories of gender and work in tourism’, in M. Thea Sinclair (ed.), Gender, Work and Tourism: London: Routledge, pp. 1–14.Google Scholar
  50. Smart, C. (2007) Personal Life — New Directions in Sociological Thinking. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  51. Turner, V. (1967) The Forest of Symbols: Aspects of Ndembu Ritual. Ithaca, N.Y: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  52. Turner, V. (1969) The Ritual Process. Structure and Anti-Structure. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  53. Turner, V. W. (1964) ‘Betwixt and between: The liminal period in rites de passage’, in American Ethnological Society, Symposium on New Approaches to the Study of Religion: Proceedings. Seattle: University of Washington Press, pp. 4–20.Google Scholar
  54. Urry, J. (1990) The Tourist Gaze. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  55. Van Gennep, A. (1909) The Rites of Passage. London and Henley: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  56. Wall, K., Aboim, S. and Cunha, V. (2010) A Vida Familiar no Masculino. Negociando Velhas e Novas Masculinidades. Lisboa: CITE.Google Scholar
  57. Wharton, A. S. (2005) The Sociology of Gender: An Introduction to Theory and Research. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.Google Scholar
  58. Wolin, S. J. and Bennett, L. A. (1984) ‘Family rituals’, Family Process, 23(3): 401–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Rosalina Costa 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rosalina Costa

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations