Contemporary Theories and Union Actions
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Most industrial relations literature on collective action is about strikes (Kelly 1998). However, other forms of action exist and are arguably more effective than strikes. Although, according to Kelly, the focus on strike action can be explained by the fact that strike action is more costly to the employer and the most powerful sanction available to workers, and that strikes are widespread, and that time series data exists (1998, 38). On the other hand, non-strike actions like lobbies, petitions, collective appeals, overtime bans, go-slows, works-to-rule and most other forms of non-cooperation and threats to employers’ legitimacy are left largely unexplored (Edwards 1986; Kelly 1998).
KeywordsCollective Action Political Action Trade Union Labour Movement Union Leadership
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