Examining English-Only in the EFL Classroom of a Swedish School: A Conversation Analytic Perspective

  • Alia Amir
Part of the International Perspectives on English Language Teaching book series (INPELT)


There are varying claims about the number of English second-language speakers, with figures between 100 million and 400 million (Crystal 1997). Similarly, the number who have learnt English as a Foreign Language (EFL) also varies, with estimates ranging from 100 million–1,100 million (Baker 2011: 84). According to Crystal (2012: 5), ‘English is now the language most widely taught as a foreign language – in over 100 countries, such as China, Russia, Germany, Spain, Egypt and Brazil – and in most of these countries it is emerging as the chief foreign language to be encountered in schools’. Similar observations have been made of the EU, where English is understood to be the most widely taught foreign language (Cenoz and Gorter 2013: 591). While English has made a clear and profound impact on language teaching around the world, less obvious, or perhaps more contentious, is the issue of what role first languages (L1s) should play in the ELT classroom.


Foreign Language Language Policy Task Completion Language Teaching Language Teacher 
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Further reading

  1. Amir, A. and Musk, N. (2014). Pupils doing language policy: Micro-interactional insights from the English as a foreign language classroom. Journal of Applied Language Studies, in press.Google Scholar
  2. A different look at doing language policy in the same context investigated in this study.Google Scholar
  3. Copp Jinkerson, A. (2011). Interpreting and managing a monolingual norm in an English-speaking class in Finland: When first and second graders contest the norm. Journal of Applied Language Studies, 5: 27–48.Google Scholar
  4. This is an excellent study of monolingual norms, and how they are managed, in an English-language classroom in Finland. The article provides a good look at how issues presented in this chapter are managed with younger pupils.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Alia Amir 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alia Amir

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