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Introduction

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Abstract

That Europe invented nations has become a truism. The ‘invention’ egan with the onset of modernity through nation-building processes that involved ‘elements of artifact, invention and social engineering’.1 Whereas the reasons for this invention lay in the growth of markets for Ernest Gellner and in print-capitalism for Benedict Anderson, which had emerged in the ‘explosive interaction between capitalism [and] technology’, in the words of Gellner,2 Miroslav Hroch argued that nationalism was an artifact and fantasy of intellectuals, especially in Eastern Europe where it emerged more as an intellectual curiosity than as a political imperative before nation-building efforts reached the ‘C phase’ (given that Eastern European societies were ‘stateless nations’).3 Likewise, Anne-Marie Thiesse maintains that, contrary to their claims to authenticity and uniqueness, the European trajectories of all nation- building processes throughout the European continent replicated each other. For her, the checklist of nationalization included ‘founding fathers, a historical narrative that provides a sense of continuity across the vicissitudes of history itself, a series of heroes, a language, cultural and historical monuments, sites of shared memory, a typical landscape, a folklore, not to mention a variety of more picturesque features, such as costumes, gastronomy and an emblematic animal or beast’.4

Keywords

French Revolution Historical Scholarship Liberal Phase National Imagination Historical Imagination 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    EricJ. Hobsbawm, Nations and Nationalism Since 1780, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990, p. 10.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities, London: New York: Verso, 1983, p. 45.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Miroslav Hroch, Social Preconditions of National Revival in Europe, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1985.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Anne-Marie Thiesse, ‘The Formation of National Identities’, in Marion Demossier (ed.), The European Puzzle, New York: Berghahn, 2007, pp. 16–17.Google Scholar
  5. Anne-Marie Thiesse, La Création des Identités Nationales, Paris: Seuil, 2001Google Scholar
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  7. 6.
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  8. 8.
    Peter J. Bowler, The Invention of Progress: The Victorians and the Past, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1989, p. 41.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
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  12. 15.
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  13. 17.
    For Guizot, especially see, Pierre Rosanvallon, Le Moment Guizot, Paris: Gallimard, 1985.Google Scholar
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  16. 25.
    Edward Berenson, Heroes of Empire, Berkeley: University ol California Press, 2011, p. 170.Google Scholar
  17. 37.
    Etienne Copeaux, Espaces et Temps de la Nation Turque, Paris: CNRS, 1997, p. 17.Google Scholar
  18. 39.
    Selim Deringil, The Well-Protected Domains, London, New York: LB. Tauris, 1998.Google Scholar
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    See Şükrü Hanioglu, Preparing for a Revolution, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 2001, pp. 64–73.Google Scholar
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    Margaret Stieg Dalton, The Origin and Development of Scholarly Historical Periodicals, University, Ala: University of Alabama Press, 1986Google Scholar
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  22. 45.
    Francois Georgeon, Turk Milliyetçiliginin KôkenlerUYusuf Akçura, Istanbul: Tarih Vakfi Yurt Yaymlan, 1996, pp. 72–76.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Doğan Gürpınar 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Istanbul Technical UniversityUK

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